Reviews for Why did William win the battle of Hastings
James chapter 1 . 4/30
Why did William win the battle of Hastings?

In 1066 king Edward the confessor died without any children to inherit the throne of england, this meant that Harold Godwinson was crowned as king despite supposidly promising an oath to william that he would be the next king . However harold faced his position being jeportised because two other determined young men also wanted to be King. These men were Harald Hadrarda and William of Normandy. England was one of the welthiest and most powerfull countrys in the world and all 3 of these men were prepared to do whatever it took to gain the crown.

The only way to decide who was going to be king was to engage in battle .Harold and william both prepared there forces. First Harald hardra from norway invaided england with his viking fleet and fought against harold godwinson at stanford bridge .After the Battle of Stamford Bridge (In which Harald had died,) Harold had news that william had finally invaided and went down to hastings to prepare to fight William, but this was going to be tough, both men were desperate to be next King and there could only be one winner.

In my opinion the main reason to why william won was pinned on luck, Harold eagarly expecting this to happen and he and his army waited on the beach strong and prepared for the norman invaison. William was planning to arrive on the beach and if this had happened Harold would have slaughtered him. Fortunately for William, the sea was too choppy to sail across the channel and so William's army were waiting in Normandy for the weather to improve before crossing. Luckily for william Hadrada invaided up north and therefore Harold went up north. Harold then fought a battle leaving his army in a much weaker position than before.

A major reason to why harold lost was due to his army was exhausted and weakened in numbers. The battle of stanford bridge was a gruesome one with the norsemen refusing to surrender untill the next day were Hardras son Olav agreed to give himself up and never return to england. The arm then rested, some sources claim that harold had an argument with his army claiming that ahrold had not shared the trophies of battle out fairly,prehaps he had insisted on keeping the viking fleet which would have been a tremendous national asset. A weekafter the battle the norsemen were gone and celebratiosn began meanwhile news was travelling that william had landed on Pevensey.

Harold immediately assembled the housecarls who had survived Stamford Bridge and marched south. He travelled at such a pace that many of his troops failed to keep up with him (weakening his army). The Anglo saxon army travlled 250 miles to hastings from the 5th to the 13th of october .Wjen arriving in london Harold's brother, Gyrth, offered to lead the army against William, stating that as king he should not risk the chance of being killed. Harold rejected the advice and after five days Harold decided to head for the south coast without his northern troops. This was a big mistake of Harold as he should have taken his brothers advice instead of being killed in the battlefield and by not doing so has lost osme northern troops. The army must have been weary encouraged by the strong vicotry at stanfod bridge and gain in arms however the army was cut they were also more drained.

Another important reason to why william down in size and a lot weaker than they previously were. In my opion this is the main reason to why Harold lost. His men was majorly cut down in size and being that his army was prodmitatly made up of fryds so there loyalty was they were celebrating there success of winning the battle by getting merry. So aswell as bein exhausted won the battle was due to his tactics and skillfull fighters. It is estimated that that William had 5,000 infantry and 3,000 knights while Harold had about 2, 500 housecarls and over 6,000 members of the fyrd . So prodimataley harolds army were inexperienced fighters whereas willaims were a trained norman army fought on caverlry and had highly skilled archers, whereas the anglo saxon army was made from mainly local men (fyrds) and bretons which were a loyal professional army. Harodls army was not as strong as williams thus why eh lsot the battle. The leaders of the fyrd, (the thegns) were strong and had swords and javelins but the rest of the men were inexperienced fighters and many were simple thugs there unadvanced weapons such as iron-studded clubs, scythes, slings, reaping-hooks and hay-forks were no where near as advanced as willaims calvery and accuriate archers.

Also Harolds army failed to keep up with modern armies like that of William the Conqueror. While William's knights walked to the battle leading their horses, in order to keep their mounts fresh, the Huscarls did the opposite, riding to the battle, and later dismounting to fight on foot giving them a major disadvantage on the battle field.

the English shield wall grew smaller and smaller, many of the fyrdmen in the back ranks clustered closer together behind the thinning wall of housecarls weaking the defence.

The idea that William was a better leader is a mild reason to why William won the battle. Before 1066 William had already demonstrated his strength as a commander and soldier. His life was one of almost constant warfare as he carved out for himself a position as one of the most powerful and, when necessary, ruthless rulers of his day. He had experienence in leadership for example In 1053 he suppressed a revolt led by William of Arques. Whereas some sources claim (however reliability is not certain) that at stamford bridge Harold fell out with his army over a disagreement over distribution over gains. This shows Harold lack of communication with his forces which is a contrast against the strong communication and organisation of willaims.

However in my opion the least imortant reaosn to why william won yet still important is the fact that william supposidly had god on his side. William also had better leadership skills than harold. Religion was extremely important in the 1066 in both norman and anglo saxon culture. William could not just demand support from his nobles, he had to convince them of his case. He needed to show his followers that his claim was a lawful one, and that he had God on his side. So when he decided on invasion, he took elaborate measures to ensure he had strong support, and even sent an envoy to the Pope asking for his blessing, the pope supported willaims claim , this was a major advantage to willaim as the fighters would have belived that they could win the battle if god was on there side. Also they would have been more likely to fight harder and risk there lives if it meant fighting for god it meant a door open to heaven. During the battle flags with crosses and religious symbols were held. This made the battle look more like a crusade rather than a war. The thought of dying for god grew loyalty with Williams men which reflected in the outcome of the battle.

Overall there are many reaons to why William won the battle of Hastings. The Luk and timing is in my opinion the most important reason as without this William would have arrived at Hastings with a saon waiting army and darnet of stood a chance. So without Stamford bridge and the change of weather in that week I would have been surprised if Williams men would have made it past pevansey.
gerald chapter 1 . 3/5
cliterus
Guest chapter 1 . 12/5/2016
Oh my god! This is the best essay I have ever seen! Well done
Elisha chapter 1 . 12/5/2016
This is sooooo bad!
IDK WHAT MY NAME chapter 1 . 12/5/2016
WTF
crybaby chapter 1 . 10/16/2016
The battle of Hastings was one of the most important battles in history; it took place in 14 October are three main reasons on why William won the battle, he was a genius, Harold’s mistakes and luck. Williams’s army had been ready since August, but strong winds stopped him sailing until late September, meanwhile Harold Godwinson was celebrating the death of Harald Hardrada in York. One of the reasons why William had won was that he had the best army. The Normans had 7500 knights, all fully trained compared to the 4500 voluntary village workers and only 500 professionally trained soldiers that made up Harold Godwinson’s English army. Likewise, William had many archers and slingshots that could kill and do a great lot of damage from over 100 meters away.
The only way to decide who was going to be king was to engage in battle .Harold and William both prepared there forces. First Harald Hardrada from Norway invaded England with his Viking fleet and fought against Harold Godwinson at Stanford bridge .After the Battle of Stamford Bridge (In which Harald had died,) Harold had news that William had finally invaded and went down to Hastings to prepare to fight William, but this was going to be tough, both men were desperate to be next King and there could only be one winner.
An additional point is that the battle began much sooner than Harold Godwinson and his army had expected, which meant that his troops were not properly ready. Less than a week before the Battle of Hastings, Harold Godwinson and the English were fighting in the north at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, where he lost some of his best fighters to the Norwegians and their leader Harald Hardrada. On one hand there was the struggling English army who were not properly ready for the battle, and on the other hand there was the Norman army who had been preparing for this day for months and was rearing to go Obviously, this gave William the Conqueror a clear advantage over King Harold due mainly to Harold’s misfortune and his poor leadership.
Harold’s Fyrd took their position over Senlac hill which was a huge mistake because by the time the Fyrd had reached the bottom of the hill they would be exhausted , this gave another advantage to the Normand’s . Another one of Harold’s mistakes was because he didn’t bother to train any of his cavalry as this was too expensive.
William had played a smart trick on the Saxons, when the Anglo-Saxons got a message saying that William of Normandy had been killed; in hearing this news, they started to retreat, breaking their powerful shield wall which kept them safe up until this point, however William of Normandy was perfectly well and faked his death, he told his army to launch a surprise attack on the Fyrd whilst they were celebrating. Then – just as William had predicted – the inexperienced Fyrd came charging down the hill shouting celebratory chants thinking that they had won. Sneakily, the Normans made a quick turn and came charging at the Fyrd slaughtering them! This charged the English dearly, and they lost a jaw - dropping proportion of their army.
Furthermore, quite a few of Harold’s men abandoned him before the Battle of Hastings. They did this for two reasons; the first, after he broke the promise he made to them of sharing the rewards with them if they won against the Norwegians at Stamford Bridge. The second reason was most of the Fyrd were farmers and some of them had to return back home to harvest their crops or by the time they came back their crops would be famished.
Also, King Harold being killed in the Battle of Hastings – by having an arrow shot through his right eye, meant that when the enduring English army heard about the news, although some soldiers fought on bravely, many of them lost heart and were either killed or they ran away.

In conclusion, I believe that William of Normandy won the Battle of Hastings because of his skillfulness in leading his troops, his quick and devious thinking and the fact that he had a better army than Harold Godwinson.
this is my opinion thank you for reading bye
Word count: 728
jollygg chapter 1 . 10/16/2016
The battle of Hastings was one of the most important battles in history; it took place in 14 October are three main reasons on why William won the battle, he was a genius, Harold’s mistakes and luck. Williams’s army had been ready since August, but strong winds stopped him sailing until late September, meanwhile Harold Godwinson was celebrating the death of Harald Hardrada in York. One of the reasons why William had won was that he had the best army. The Normans had 7500 knights, all fully trained compared to the 4500 voluntary village workers and only 500 professionally trained soldiers that made up Harold Godwinson’s English army. Likewise, William had many archers and slingshots that could kill and do a great lot of damage from over 100 meters away.
The only way to decide who was going to be king was to engage in battle .Harold and William both prepared there forces. First Harald Hardrada from Norway invaded England with his Viking fleet and fought against Harold Godwinson at Stanford bridge .After the Battle of Stamford Bridge (In which Harald had died,) Harold had news that William had finally invaded and went down to Hastings to prepare to fight William, but this was going to be tough, both men were desperate to be next King and there could only be one winner.
An additional point is that the battle began much sooner than Harold Godwinson and his army had expected, which meant that his troops were not properly ready. Less than a week before the Battle of Hastings, Harold Godwinson and the English were fighting in the north at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, where he lost some of his best fighters to the Norwegians and their leader Harald Hardrada. On one hand there was the struggling English army who were not properly ready for the battle, and on the other hand there was the Norman army who had been preparing for this day for months and was rearing to go Obviously, this gave William the Conqueror a clear advantage over King Harold due mainly to Harold’s misfortune and his poor leadership.
Harold’s Fyrd took their position over Senlac hill which was a huge mistake because by the time the Fyrd had reached the bottom of the hill they would be exhausted , this gave another advantage to the Normand’s . Another one of Harold’s mistakes was because he didn’t bother to train any of his cavalry as this was too expensive.
William had played a smart trick on the Saxons, when the Anglo-Saxons got a message saying that William of Normandy had been killed; in hearing this news, they started to retreat, breaking their powerful shield wall which kept them safe up until this point, however William of Normandy was perfectly well and faked his death, he told his army to launch a surprise attack on the Fyrd whilst they were celebrating. Then – just as William had predicted – the inexperienced Fyrd came charging down the hill shouting celebratory chants thinking that they had won. Sneakily, the Normans made a quick turn and came charging at the Fyrd slaughtering them! This charged the English dearly, and they lost a jaw - dropping proportion of their army.
Furthermore, quite a few of Harold’s men abandoned him before the Battle of Hastings. They did this for two reasons; the first, after he broke the promise he made to them of sharing the rewards with them if they won against the Norwegians at Stamford Bridge. The second reason was most of the Fyrd were farmers and some of them had to return back home to harvest their crops or by the time they came back their crops would be famished.
Also, King Harold being killed in the Battle of Hastings – by having an arrow shot through his right eye, meant that when the enduring English army heard about the news, although some soldiers fought on bravely, many of them lost heart and were either killed or they ran away.

In conclusion, I believe that William of Normandy won the Battle of Hastings because of his skillfulness in leading his troops, his quick and devious thinking and the fact that he had a better army than Harold Godwinson.

Word count: 728
naya chapter 1 . 10/15/2016
i have got the same homework , can you tell me how long it took u to type it ?
bindisay chapter 1 . 10/10/2016
bindisay is (vagina)in tigrinya and i hope you all have learnt something new about your body and how it always changes due to your new horomones taking place in your old horomones
Guest chapter 1 . 3/10/2016
e
1 chapter 1 . 3/9/2016
1
Sophie chapter 1 . 2/22/2016
VERY GOOD
maria chapter 1 . 2/6/2016
i am very woowwed by this essay it helped me and MY essay. it is full of description and contains real life contents and facts.

well done and keep up the good work.

maria
Guest chapter 1 . 2/2/2016
lol
andy chapter 1 . 2/1/2016
j
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