|Reviews for Why did William win the battle of Hastings|
| Erin chapter 1 . 2/21
Great essay and thanks for homework help!
| Giulia chapter 1 . 2/18
In my opinion I think William won the battle of the Hastings for many reasons. The five the most important factors to consider are; his luck, his planning, preparation, Tactics and his leadership. However we also have to consider the advantages of William over Harold’s (Godwinson) disadvantages. For example, some advantages that William had over Harold were that William had Ships (to attack from sea), a cavalry (to charge at the shield wall)All of Williams soldiers were very skilled fighters while only some of Harold’s soldiers were very skilled as the rest were farmers or citizens of England. William Duke of Normandy knew how to use Harold’s mistakes to his favour. However, one of Williams’s biggest advantages over Harold’s was that Harold had fyrds. (Fyrds were part time soldiers).
Luck was part of Williams’s victory in a few cases. The first case was because the bad weather stopped while Harold Godswinson was fighting Harold Hardrada in the north of England. However, even Harold Godwinson was lucky because if the bad winds had stopped earlier he would have to have fought two battles at the same time. William was also very lucky because there was a rumour going around that William was killed in battle, and his men started retreating, however as soon as William lifted his visor all the Norman army charged back up. Since the Saxons had followed them (the Normans), they broke their only tactic the shield wall leaving their strong position on a hill.
Planning helped a lot William because he knew that if he made Harold Godwinson and his Saxon army travel from North England to South England, where the Normans had their camp set up ,the Saxons would be extremely tired while the Normans would have been rested. He (William) also knew that once the bad winds would have stopped him and his army could cross safely without the Saxons to stop them, for they were in the North of England fighting Harold Hardrada. (This was also to do with luck). During battle William had thought of a plan; he ordered his men to pretend to retreat down the hill and used the rumour of him being dead to help him as well.
Preparation also did part of his victory because he had set up a camp for his army to make sure they trained before battle. Williams’s army also had plenty of time to gather food in preparation for battle. Harold Godwinson’s army had less time to prepare and rest as they had to get to the south of England as soon as they could or William would have made disasters. His army did not sleep or rest for that night. This gave an advantage to William because his army was stronger as they had a good night sleep while Harold’s army was weaker as they didn’t sleep at all, Williams army was ready to defend and attack with all their forces while Harold’s army would have not been as eager to fight as they were too tired. (The shield wall of the Saxons was easier to break because of this). By breaking the shield wall the Saxons were not protected as all their tactics required group work.
William’s leadership and skills helped him a lot because he commanded his men with lots of discipline and had a huge army very eager to fight for their future king. William kept control of his army all through the battle by communicating to them by fighting at the front of his troops. William had also got the pope, Alexander the 2nd to support his attack. William was given a banner from the pope saying that his attack on England was a holy crusade.
During the battle of the Hasting William had used all the mistakes of Harold Godwinson to attack him.
Harold Godwinson had also shown good skills because he had positioned his men on Senlac hill, which made it harder for the Normans to get to them, and commanded his men to create a large shield wall which would have to protect them from the Normans. But, he made some mistakes, when Harold had heard that William had landed on the other side of England, he decided to go straight to him and gather some troops instead of waiting for a bigger army and getting a short rest. He had also not thought about the Norman arrows as they were long range, so they could pick of Saxons at long distance. He also did not realize that William had stacks of weapon supplies in France and couldn’t run out very easily.
Overall Harold’s mistakes were very silly and if he had planned more he wouldn’t have done them , but there is one big error that Harold did during the battle of the Hastings which I didn’t mention. This huge error was having fyrds. This was one of Harold’s biggest mistakes because his army number decreased as Harold’s fyrds would leave battle as soon as they could to survive. However, Harold’s number of soldiers didn’t only decrease because of the fyrds but we also have to consider the number of deaths. According to me this was Harold’s biggest mistake having fyrds because his army number decreased in an amusing amount of time.
My last point is on Harold’s tactics. Harold did demonstrate good leadership and a bit of planning, but I noticed that his tactics weren’t very efficient. I noticed that William had many tactics to his disposal for example; the knights on Williams’s side were chosen to force the shield wall to break apart. William had also used a tactic before battle, this tactic was a way to get to England faster. William did this by using boats to arrive there faster and not get his men tired. On the other hand Harold did not have as many tactics as William had at his disposal and this leads us back to my previous point planning, it is very obvious that Harold didn’t plan his tactics very well I can tell this because on many diagrams of the battle of the Hastings all the Saxons used the same tactic the shield wall. For some time the shield wall was holding away the Normans however the Normans were in many more and some knights forcing the shield wall to break apart were not getting as tired because they weren’t using all their energies. The Saxons didn’t have much choice as their only choice was to resist hard till the Normans would surrender. (This never happened the Saxons had to surrender as their king Harold died).
In my opinion I think that all these factors were very important to Williams victory, however I think some contributed more than others this would be the order I would classify them and why. As my most important factor I would put Luck: because it allowed Williams army to rest and train for battle, moreover it allowed William Duke of Normandy to think more on his tactics and on his plans.2nd I would put Harold’s mistakes this is because William knew how to use his opponents mistakes against him (Harold).3rd would be planning because Harold thought about every single bit before and during the battle. 4th and last I would put his leadership this is because his leadership was good but if he leaded them better less of his men would have died during the battle of the Hastings and he would and he would have won faster.
In conclusion I think these are the main reasons why William won the battle of the Hastings; Luck, Preparation, Leadership, tactics and planning. I think this because ,if William had not planned he might have not have won the battle and his men would have only went charging straight into battle and the Saxons would have hacked them down. If William didn’t have great leadership either, then his troops would have not be well disciplined and well trained and it is very likely that he wouldn’t have fought in front and his men and would have lost concentration. Luck was one of the majors factors that made William win the battle of the Hastings this is because the bad winds stopped just as Harold Godwinson was in the North fighting Harold Hardrada in the North of England. This allowed Williams army to rest and get prepared for battle. His tactics were also very efficient because
| giulia chapter 1 . 2/14
William won the battle of the Hastings because of his luck
| noneofyourbeswax chapter 1 . 2/12
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14th October 1066 - shortly after King Edward the Confessor of England died – between Harold Godwinson of England and William of Normandy. The battle was fought on Senlac Hill approximately 10km northwest of Hastings. The conflict started because when Edward died, he left no heir to inherit the crown, which left three men claiming to be the next King of England. These three contenders to the throne were Harold Godwinson (the Earl of Wessex) who was the only Englishman and related to the old king by marriage; Harald Hadrada (the King of Norway) whose ascendants were promised the throne by King Cnut, and William the Conqueror (the Duke of Normandy) who was the only contender that was related to King Edward by blood. This essay will decide why William won the battle by looking at the three following factors: William’s skill, Harold’s poor leadership and Harold’s bad luck.
The first argument as to why William won the Battle of Hastings, is that he had the best army. The Normans (William’s army) had 7500 men, all fully trained compared to the 4500 voluntary village workers and only 500 professionally trained soldiers that made up Harold Godwinson’s English army. Likewise, William had many archers and slingshots (unlike the English) that could kill and do a great lot of damage from over 100 meters away. The Normans were also equipped with auxiliaries - blacksmiths, carpenters, medics and cooks – as well as a few mercenaries, who were professional soldiers that fought for whoever paid them the most amount of money, on his side. William’s men also had better armour and weapons, for example: the cavalry were all equipped with mail hauberk, there is some evidence that archers used crossbows in addition to bows and arrows, some battle maces were also used along with spears and swords, round shields and kite shaped shields. This meant that the Normans were more protected from the English, than the English were from them as well; as having weapons that could do more damage. Another benefit that William had as one of his skills was that he was a very good commander of his troops and organised his men very well.
An additional point is that the battle began much sooner than Harold Godwinson and his army had expected, which meant that his troops were not properly ready. Less than a week before the Battle of Hastings, Harold Godwinson and the English were fighting in the north at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, where he lost some of his best fighters to the Norwegians and their leader Harald Hadrada. As well as this, the soldiers of Harold’s that were remaining were very tired and weak after the tiresome battle at Stamford Bridge. On one hand there was the struggling English army who were not properly ready for the battle, and on the other there was the shiny polishing Norman army who had been preparing for this day for months and were rearing to go! Obviously, this gave William the Conqueror a clear advantage over King Harold due mainly to Harold’s misfortune and his poor leadership.
Another (crucial) line of reasoning, that a lot of people believe cost Harold Godwinson the Battle of Hastings, is the trick that the Normans very cleverly played on the English. This crafty trick was that about halfway through the battle, the Normans got a message saying that William of Normandy had been killed; in hearing this news, they started to retreat, however William of Normandy was perfectly well and thinking on his toes, he told his army to launch a surprise attack on the Fyrd whilst they were celebrating. Then – just as William had predicted – the inexperienced Fyrd came charging down the hill shouting celebratory chants thinking that they had won. Sneakily, the Normans made a quick turn and came charging at the Fyrd slaughtering them! This charged the English dearly, and they lost a jaw - dropping proportion of their army.
Furthermore, quite a few of Harold’s men abandoned him before the Battle of Hastings. They did this for two reasons; the first, after he broke the promise he made to them of sharing the booty with them if they won against the Norwegians at Stamford Bridge. This resulted in the English that were remaining being annoyed and uptight at their so called ‘trustworthy’ King, as well as fighting somewhat half – heartedly. The second reason was that because the Battle of Hastings was fought in the autumn time, and a lot of Harold’s English army were made up of farmers (the Fyrd) some of them had to return home to harvest their crops, or else when the English came back, they would all be famished.
Also, King Harold being killed in the Battle of Hastings – by having an arrow shot through his right eye, meant that when the enduring English army heard about the news, although some soldiers fought on bravely, many of them lost heart and were either killed or they ran away.
In conclusion, I believe that William of Normandy won the Battle of Hastings because of his skilfulness in leading his troops, his quick and devious thinking and the fact that he had a better army than Harold Godwinson.
| Layla chapter 1 . 2/12
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| Guest chapter 1 . 2/12
| Guest chapter 1 . 2/12
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| amy leigh chapter 1 . 2/11
| sadeem chapter 1 . 2/10
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| LOOL chapter 1 . 2/3
| doglover chapter 1 . 2/2
Morcar and Edwin didn't keep promise for long
| gay chapter 1 . 1/30
| Unkown chapter 1 . 1/26
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| Beth chapter 1 . 1/25
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| Elsa chapter 1 . 1/24
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