Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, also called OCD, is a psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent and intense obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted, repetitive thoughts. Obsessive thoughts may change over time, and may include sexually explicit thoughts, fear of contamination and needs for orderliness. Compulsions are rituals that help ease the anxiety brought about by the obsessions. A ritual may be arranging certain items in certain ways, washing one's hands far too often, or walking in a certain manner, like only stepping on certain tiles on a floor. Though these rituals bring relief to the person suffering from the disorder, they are not pleasurable. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder usually begins in adolescence, and occurs in 1 in 200 teens. Of those with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, 20 suffer from motor tics, like those seen in Tourette's syndrome. Those with obsessive-compulsive disorder are often aware that their obsessions are irrational, but cannot stop the obsessions or the compulsions. This disorder interferes with daily life, consuming at least 60 minutes per day, and may be treated with anti-depressants. A person with obsessive compulsive disorder may struggle to banish their symptoms, but cannot often break away from the illness. Those who are treated for OCD generally respond well to treatment. Although obsessive compulsive disorder can appear alone, it can also accompany depression and other disorders. Pure O obsessive compulsive disorder is a form of OCD involving obsessions and only mental rituals. Pure O stands for Pure Obsessive. A person suffering from Pure O will experience periods of intense rumination. During ruminations the person will most likely be unable to focus on other things. Though this form of OCD takes place only in the mind, it is highly treatable. Obsessive compulsive disorder is NOT the same as Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder. Although they are in some respects similar, OCD is considered more intense than Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder does not involve obsessions in compulsions in the way that they are manifested in OCD.