"Wealth" (1889), an article printed in a very prestigious magazine, The North American Review, written by one of the richest men in the world at the time, and the testimony of a mere Machinist; two very different documents by tow very different people. Both Andrew Carnegie, author of "Wealth" and John Morrison, who testified in before a US Senate committee, felt Industrialization made substantial changes to the face of America's Labor force, however they disagreed on the social and economic outcomes, those changes made.
In the latter half of the ninetieth century, America started to change form an Agricultural-based economy to an industry based one, thus changing the face of America permanently. Many Americans moved from family farms to the large cities such as New York, Chicago, and Boston. From these cities, new technologies where produced and then shipped all over the United States. Some of the industries grew and enjoyed a large amount of success during this time, the Rail Road industry, the steel industry and the textile industry, to name a few. With the growth of American factories brought a need for a larger labor force; the Americans who had moved from the farms and the massive amounts of the immigrants coming form the Europe, filled that demand. Industrialization brought with it large amounts of benefits and luxuries formally unavailable to the public en masse, but it also had its downsides.
Andrew Carnegie, an owner of a lucrative steel manufacturing business and John Morrison, a Machinist from new York, both lived though the radical changes that the Industrialization brought, their individual circumstances shaped their different outlooks on the process and the Industrial Revolution's coming results. Andrew Carnegie saw society as homogenous until the Industrial Revolution came and made the Upper, Middle and Lower classes more distinct. While John Morrison, living as a laborer, saw his once lower-middle class job sink squarely into the lower class. Carnegie and Morrison also had varied opinions on the major outcome of Industrialization. Morrison saw his fellow Machinists loose a lot. Pride in their work, opportunities to open their own business, time spent outside of the workday and wages were some of the things lost. From a works perspective, the unions and striking seamed to become a better and better idea. The Homestead strike in 1892 against Carnegie steel company is an excellent example of this. Andrew Carnegie, himself, felt that the downsides of Industrialization were far outweighed by the benefits of it. Within the article "Wealth", He states: "… But the advantages of this law are also greater still than its cost – For it is to this law that we owe our wonderful material development…" The wealthy upper class saw commercial items that where once only affordable to the upper class begging sold to everyone. While the lower classes saw the hardships they had to endure.
Although John Morrison and Andrew Carnegie had led very different lives and experiences during the Industrial Revolution both men still agreed with each other at times. Morrison and Carnegie both agreed that Industrialization brought change into their lives and jobs, just in different ways. John Morrison experienced change in almost every aspect of his trade, from the pay to the command structure of a factory. While Carnegie would have been one of the people to order the change that affected Morrison's job, as Carnegie was a factory owner. Before the Industrial Revolution both men felt that the Master/Apprentice system gave the Machinist, an identity and a status in society. Also they agree the status quo was never going to return. Andrew Carnegie and John Morrison also agree on the tension that exists between the employers and the employees. Morrison says in his testimony "there is mostly a feeling of discontent…" and Carnegie says "Mutual ignorance breeds Mutual distrust."
To Andrew Carnegie the Industrial Revolution was the vehicle to give him power and wealth. To John Morrison, Industrialization was an event that put his place in society even lower than it had been already. Both men lived during the climatic time of American History called Industrialization and both men formed opinions about it, differing as they might be. The Industrial Revolution changed every thing, in some ways good and in others: bad, but it propelled America in to a world powerful nation.