Happy Days Are Here Again
"It would be suicide to wait until they are in our front yard." This quote was said by Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Roosevelt served as the 32nd United States President, who served for four terms in the whitehouse. He was first elected when he was 52 and was still in the Whitehouse at age 64 when he died of Heart failure. He was a controversial president. Some thought Roosevelt was a socialist dictator. Others considered him charismatic, efficient, and the man capable enough to get the United States out of the problems faced by the United States at the time.. (Manchester) No matter Whatever people thought of him, Roosevelt had no doubt led the republic through quite a few struggles including the Great Depression and the Second World War. The Second World War was a fierce struggle for power sparked by Munic. (Manchester) It was a war to determine if the world would be free or a globe for dictators. In the End, the free world was victorious. The United States, Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman played an important part in helping the free world win the war. Roosevelt played a crucial role in leading the United States in to The Second
World War by disregarding the isolationism ideology, His relationships with leaders of other countries, and his implementation of lend lease.
The majority of the citizens in the United States had no desire to enter the Second World War, however Roosevelt knew that dictators would not stop there fight until they were defeated. (pbs) He had promised the nation to remain as isolated and neutral to the war as possible, however, he never kept to such a policy in the way his administration operated. (Manchester) Furthermore, he planned a war in private, and had the plans ready. (PBS) Perhaps the world would be dominated by dictators today if it was not for Roosevelt along with The measures he took to disregard Isolationism and proceed to fight the axis powers. If he had insisted to remain to be content with isolationism, I agree with Roosevelt that it may have only delayed the fighting and have left it to the future generations to deal , Roosevelt did not leave it to the future generation and took up the dilemma himself. He couldn't do much however, He couldn't fight the dictators so he only pleaded and condemned them. However, it is do to Roosevelt's effort and efficient tactics that we are not under dictatorial rule today. (PBS)
Roosevelt thought that If Great Britain was defeated and was no longer a stable force then that would mean the dictators would have a chance to move Westward towards the United States. "The dictator threat from Europe is a good deal closer to the United States," was the premise he went upon and was not wrong as Pearl Harbor demonstrated. However, many events led up to pearl harbor as Roosevelt disregarded Isolationism ideology and Changed the meaning to neutrality. Many times he would insist on taking a side. At the beginning of the Second World War, Neutrality was not taking a side, but as time progressed it came to mean not shooting german soldiers and not actually fighting as they could help Britain or any of the allies. (Manchester) However, He did increase his Military spending and size, and strengthened defenses. (PBS)
For example, the United States sent China firearms to defeat the Japanese in 1937, but didn't send any soldiers. (Danzer) Another example would be when Hitler had invaded the Rumt Check State, Roosevelt promised he'd do more. Also he desire to repeal the neutrality act as he thought the allies might have a 50 percent chance of winning the war. (Manchester) He had proposed a Pattman bill which did not pass. (PBS) He also implemented Cash And Carry, which supplied countries with arms, but the countries must pay the fees in cash and find there own transportation. (danzer) People had there complaints and Roosevelt declared a "limited national emergency." In 1940 He had told britain's prime minister Winston Churchill that he didn't think isolationism was possible. (Manchester) Another example was he sent the british 50 overage destroiers for 99 years lease on naval bases in Newfoundland and In the Caribbean (PBS)
However, there were two decisions which made isolation and neutrality impossible. The First was the fact that he approved of the Atomic bomb and ordered scientists to start the construction of the bomb. (PBS) The second was his war at sea with the german U-boats. Roosevelt at first did not do anything about it, then he permited the ships to shoot the U-boats in self defense, and finally he ordered the ships to shoot the U-boats on site. (Danzer) Roosevelt didn't only lead America in to war by disregarding isolationism but he also communicated and attempted to be diplomatic with leaders of other countries.
Not only was Roosevelt a persuasive speaker to his countrymen but also attempted to be diplomatic with leaders from other countries as well. Roosevelt had at one point asked Hitler to not invade weak nations. Which earned him much laughter from the Germans and Hitler's mocking promise that he would not invade the United States. Also a few days after his election in 1-29-1940 until 3-27-1940 British Military officials Arived in Washington to meet secretly with The Combined Chiefs. (Manchester) Churchill and Roosevelt first corresponded in March of 1940. (Heinrichs) That summer Roosevelt and Churchill met in person, and discussed matters. It was a secret meeting. The result was the Atlantic Charter. (PBS) Not only were the actions ideological and verbal but the lend lease act was established along with many other acts.
The lend Lease act was established to supply arms to countries that were in need of firearms. They could repay America after the war, battle, or crisis was finished. (PBS) Roosevelt first created this act because britin did not have enough money to buy firearms, but, it was necessary to have more firearms so the British could defend itself and fight the Dictators. Therefore, Roosevelt created the Lend Lease Act. It was first proposed to congress on December of 1940. on 12-17-1940 Roosevelt held a fireside chat to explain the Lend Lease act to the citizens Of the United States. Many called his plans outrageous and later when the act was enacted, some criticized Roosevelt for also lending the firehydrent to the other nations as well. The Bill was past in March Of 1941. In this way Roosevelt led the republic in to the Second Worlld War.
The one man that was in charge of so much and that influenced the country in so many ways had also lled this country down a road ending in the inevitable entrance in the Second World War. The series of events which led up to 12-7-1941 also known as Pearl Harbor in the united states was partly ddue to Franklin Delano Roosevelt's disregard for the isolationist policies, diplomatic relationship with foreign leaders, and the Lend Lease Act. All in all this was a tense series of events, which required a man with much thought, and determination in order to survive through.