One of the most popular and controversial subjects discussed in many aspects of everyday life whether directly or indirectly is whether to practice capitalism or Communism. Two model countries propelling such discussions through the ages are The United Socialiss Soviet Republic or the USSr, which was a communistic state, which fell in 1992 and The United States Of America or Usa, which is classified as a capitalist nation but is pretty center sstage with a free economics system. Both countries ran it's government completely differently from each other, the complete opposite in practice, and both got it's fair share of criticisms. The United States which stood the criticisms and hatred of the prolonged Cold War is definitely a winner. This proves to us that capitalism rules over communism, in the form of government, the way it's ran, and how people could participate.
Soviet Russia was a unitary government. It had one centrist body to control one large kingdom. One government to cover and rule the largest country ever in existence.
In Soviet Russia there was very little in the way of distribution of power. This is the largest country in land mass and was populated. Yet most of these people were not government and most of them had no say in government. Even if they wanted to, they couldn't. Opposition was unavailable. The relatively few people who were leading Russia was indeed rulers. They had all the power within there elitest group. They preached that all this power of the concentrated elite was for good. They preached that the comrades wwhich were in the elitest groups were to help make things better. No such thing was done. Millions died, too many were poor. It was not a system where people were equally rich but equally poor.
Unfortunately for the people they had no luck, the leaders who created the laws was also the KGB or the secret police who were creating havoc left and right. They were safely the leaders weapons. If the elitists in charge of the USSR did not favor a certain person they could have him done away with. They monitored everything, there was no freedom. This is why the government in Russia was so far out and corrupt. Because the Lawmakers and law enforcers were one and the same it is possible for anything to happen. Essentially they were the judges as well. There was no limits of what they could do and anything could happen in this state.
This is neither a parliamentary nor was it a presidential government. The leader was a dictator of sorts. After 1917, the USSR was never free. It was rigidly dictated by communistic comrades who led the show. It was controlled and the people had no say. Even if they looked like they did, they did not. leader was all powerful. The leaders were not elected or rather not in a way that the whole population of the USSR was able to vote or benefit.
The participation was low, it was limited to communists and people who were in the elite also communists. Others were not able to vote. Most of these people were peasants and was ordered around. Many did die because of the work they did and the poor lower class which was vast. These people had little say, had to work, and was ordered around. Most of the voting was for people who agreed and for one party only. There was not another choice, it was people from the group of leders in power. Other positions were taken by force. It was by no means a fair representation.
The head of state was one leader and no more. First it was Lenin and then Stalin followed by others. They planned and did everything, themselves and did as they wish they ordered around people below them. They sent out orders and peasants and workers must follow them. Stalin's Five Year Plan was a good example. No one could speak ill of the leader or dictator all his plans must be followed otherwise the secret police force would be upon the individual. Rebellion was impossible.
They had a constitution however it was mostly forgotten, not followed, and was overruled. They gave some excuse and often the constitution was dismissed. The constitution's wording was far off from what actually happened. The constitution almost sounds fair and rather pleasant. They set up a congressional system in which people were supposedly represented. There was supposed to be voting and elections. They had neither, unfortunately. Most of what was stated was forgotten. The government corrupted and things just changed. The people were supposed to be treated fairly well. Things were supposed to be provided to them. Unfortunately the government cared for a very few, worked people to their limits, and many died at the hands of the Soviet Dictators. The constitution was ineffective and inefficient for the most part. It was forgotten. There were a lot more promises in it, most if not all were not followed. The constitution was redrafted a few times.
The constitution showed two branches of government, except for the most part only one was really there. The great and all powerful mighty dictator. All the others worked under the one. Most things were not followed, a lot of what happened was the leaders just went as they go. The branches was really not there at all. It was not clear. A lot of lines that were suppose to be clear are not.
No elections was really there. There was suppose to be elections especially to choose representatives. It was a pathetic promise like almost everything else. Everything was pretty much grabbed by power and elections if any was there didn't really do much. Besides the people eligible for elections if there was any would probably all have been in the same boat.
There was little variations of political parties and they were basically not allowed and people pretty much had no choice.. You must be a communist. If you were not then that was bad news. You had to be, it was mandatory. You were basically forgotten if you weren't. and made to work a hard laboring job. You were unimportant and insignificant. Basically a one party system was not all though.
The local government was basically the big government. There was not much variation. It was the same people, the same things and you were basically under the same boat.
The United states was and is still a completely another story. It is the complete opposite, and most people in the States are very fortunate.
The united states is a federal republic state. It is said to be democratic and a capitalist state. While it's the closest nation to both systems it's neither. True capitalism never existed in the united states. We were close in 1776, but never truly capitalistic. We were always a mixed economy. We are also not democratic. We don't have mob rule, people represent us, so it's a republican system.
The power is separated in to two parts. A main government and fifty smaller ones. Each has three branches. The power is in all of them. Each unit checks the power of others. Each makes things happen. Below the state governments are many local regional government each operating a little differently. Below them is city governments and then it's individuals. The smallest part of society, but yet the biggest. In each government there is a few branches.
The lawmakers are the congress people and the law enforcement is the courts. They are not the same. They check each other and both check the presidential branch or the governors. The governors in turn check the other so in no way can one get out of hand and too powerful. The president is it's own branch.
The states has a presidential system. The president is chosen for a four year term and candidates start running the second year. The president has only two terms to be in power. They can never run for a third term. The conditions for people who run for president is relatively restrictive. People Vote for the president.
People can vote to elect officials, mmake laws, change the country, and a lot more. A lot of power lies with the people and ordinary citizens. The people limit the government or that is how it is suppose to be. The preamble to the constitution reads: "WE The People" People may also run for office, and influence the government in many ways. The States is all about the people and was built for the people. The people should be able to influence the government and make things happen. The government along with the president should do the will of the people.
The head of state is the president and in government he leads the way for progress, success, failures, or leaps backwards. He is checked by two other branches but he also has a lot of power. He is the head of the army, makes decisions, leads the other two branches. He signs bills and laws in to power, and helps move things along.
The constitution contains the bills mentioned above. There's currently 27. The first ten is known as the bill of writes. It also has 7 articles, and a preamble. It's a brief document which could be amended. It states how the government should work and what it may ore may not do. It is not the only source of law but it's the main one. It's called the supreme Law Of The Land. It is relatively well followed, but modern society is straying away from the constitution and finding it less important. The document also states the branches of government and what it is and how it is to work.
There are three branches of government in the United States. The judicial who judges the actions of people and interprets the laws of the land. They also enforce the law and suppose to keep order. It contains the court systems. The legislative branch contains the bicameral congress. It contains the House Of Representatives and the senate. They create the laws and votes them in to power. They propose amendments and bills. The last branch is the most important, the executive. They are incharge. They lead this country, put things in to action and makes decisions. They are the president and his staff including his cabinet.
The elections are by the people who live in the states and are citizens. People go to the polls and vote or they can vote by mail. They vote for president, congressmen, state legislature, governor, and other offices. Most elections are run off of just the popular vote but the presidential elections also uses the electoral colleges. All of the elections in the states involves parties.
Political parties are important. they have always been around or nearly always. First it was the democratic republicans, and the Wigs, and then it was democratic and republicans. There are smaller parties those are called third parties. The independent party is also pretty large. As of very recently the tea party is growing and becoming more popular. but, not only is these involved in presidential, congressional, or fedral offices. It is also used in state and local governments.
Local governments exist and they are state governments which run much the same as federal governments. They must obey federal laws too however. Most countty and city governments are city boards. It is most interesting when it comes to the local levels. Things are more important there or tend to. However the whole United States government is interesting, if politics as a whole is not already quite the interesting topic.
The debate of capitalism and communism is always interesting and is discussed all the time. It intrigues me quite a bit. I am a capitalist. And how the united states runs it's government is clearly better as it's fairer, less harmful, more flexible, freer, represents people more. There's so many good aspects to the united states government. The United States government harms less people and definitely kills a lot less people. People are relatively safe in the states.
Over all, the struggle between capitalism and communism is most interesting. The cold war was a interesting war that never happened, but as America pulled through still up and running while the USSR collapsed in 1992. The states produced better results in terms of almost everything. Take your pick, communism or capitalism?