Anne Frank: The story of a girl, an attic, and the diary that changed the world.
A research paper by: Will bois
Anne Frank is considered to be the most famous victim of the holocaust. Most because her life was self-recorded in a diary that covered the last two years of her life living in an attic with two families. Her diary was recovered by family helpers and given to her father after the holocaust and soon after became one of the greatest books of all time.
She was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929 to Otto Frank, a banker, and Edith Frank- Hollander, a housewife. she was preceded by her sister Margot in 1926. Her childhood was fairly normal in germany until 1933 when Adolf Hitler's Nazi party gained power and started an anti-semetic regime, Anne and her family immigrated to holland to escape Hilter's fascist policies. The Franks lived in Aachen, Germany with Anne's Grandmother until their father got a new job. Otto secured a job a banking firm and the Franks moved to Amsterdam in 1934. Margot went to public school and anne went to a Montessori school (The school is now called the "Anne Frank School".) But then in 1940, the Nazis invaded Holland, bringing their anti-semetic policies with them. Such as all jews having to a predomenatly placed yellow star on all ariticles of clothing. and also segregating all jewish children from non-jewish children. So Anne was forced to say good-bye to all her non jew friends and go to a jewish school. Other non-jew policies included no use of bicycles, no going to the movies, and no using a tram. Life became difficult for the Franks and all jews of Holland. But for all the bad things that came out of this, one good thing did come out of it: The Diary.
For her 13th birthday, Anne was given an autograph book she showed her father at a boutique. Anne decided to use it as a diary. She says in one of her first diary entries that she wanted to diary to act like a best friend. she named that "friend" "Kitty". She stated that she had lots fo friends but no one true best friend that she could really talk to. Two weeks after getting "Kitty", her father told her that the family may go into hiding to keep from getting called up to a concentration camp. Margot already got called up to slave at a nazi factory.
They went into hiding on July 5th, 1942. They into the "Secret Annexe". A room hidden in the building of her father's banking job. They weren't alone. The Van Pel family also went into hiding with the franks.(The Van Pels were called the "Van Daans" in anne's diary.) And Fritz Pfeffer, a jewish dentist. They stayed in the secret annexe unfound for two years. But that's better said then done. The two years living in an attic were hell for Anne, her family, and her friends. suffering from boredom, hunger, and the ever present fear of discovery and death.
But in August of 1944, German troops invaded the banking building and forced the workers to tell them where they were hiding jews. The inhabitiants of the secret annexe were captured and arrested. Anne's diary was perserved by Miep Gies, a worker at the building where anne's father worked. Anne and Margot were sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in northwestern Germany. Anne and Margot died seperately but around the same time period and of the same type of death. Typhus was going around the camp at the time their deaths. Thus ending the lives of two girls who promising lives were cut short by predjudice. Anne was 15, Margot was 19.
After the defeat of the germans and the liberation of the concentration camps, Otto Frank was freed, hoping his family survived. But the Red Cross confirmed their deaths days later. After that, Miep Gies, who perserved the diary after their arrest, gave otto the diary. People wanted Otto to publish the diary, to give people the impression of a person living during the holocaust. But Otto wanted to respect his daughters work, but then he read a part in the diary saying that anne wanted to become a writer. So the diary was published in 1947 and in america in 1952. The book was an instant success and is today considered to be one of the greatest books ever.
But in the coming years, people started to accuse the book's athenticity. In 1959, Lothar Stielau, a school teacher and former hitler youth, published as school paper article saying that the diary was a forgery. Otto Frank sued, and courts in 1960 examined the original with hand writing of anne frank, and claimed the diary was genuine. But over the years, even after otto frank's death in 1980, The Dutch institute for war documentation, investigated the diary for authenticity. There study said all of the diary's material was true to form.
Anne Frank's dream to become a famous writer came true, but not in the way she might of wanted. her diary covering two years, most of which was spent in an attic, still warms the hearts of generations to this day. the diary still under scrutiny for athenticity, but fake or not, who would of guessed the diary of a teenage girl in germany would of become a world best-seller?
Note: Miep Gies, the woman who recovered anne frank's diary, lived long until her death on January 11th, 2010. one month before her 101st birthday.