Note: This is only here, on FP, so I can print it. Feel free to use the analysis, but please don't plagiarise. : ) - Porphyria's Lover - Robert Browning TIMED (45 MINS) AND TYPED UP FOR NEATNESS TASK: 2006 Poetry, 1: Choose a poem in which there is a noticeable change of mood at one or more than one point in the poem. Show how the poet conveys the changes of mood and discuss the importance of the changes to the central idea of the poem. Robert Browning's Porphyria's Lover is a Victorian dramatic monologue in which a variety of poetic and literary devices and techniques are employed in order to allow the reader to take note of significant shifts in the narrator's mood as the events of this twisted romantic poem transpire. The narrator's mood in Porphyria's Lover is first shown by the opening line, "The rain set early in to-night". Rain has connotations of depression and bitterness, whilst to-night implies it was earlier on. He's been depressed for a while and his mood changes swiftly with the entrance of his lover: "She shut the cold out and the storm, And kneeled and made the cheerless grate Blaze up, and all the cottage warm" As she literally seals up the windows and doors, igniting the fire, this is a transferred epithet, as it also describes his feelings. She makes him happy, with the "cheerless grate" being a metaphor for his heart and earlier depression, which she warms. This mood shift is clear and it goes to show exactly how dependant he is on her to make him happy, which adds to the romance, making the reader think this is perfectly normal, which ties into the central idea. A literary technique is used on line 21, a dash, which makes the noticeable change in tone obvious as he insults the one he professes to love: "Too weak, for all her heart's endeavour, To set its struggling passion free From pride, and vainer ties dissever, And give herself to me forever." He calls her weak, vain and proud, none of which being terms with which one tends to regard their lover. This ominous and disturbing shift in tone allows us to see him as scornful and twisted, with a bitter change in mood. This is our first hint towards the climatic event. The narrator's mood shifts yet again, as previous bitterness changes to possessive glee: "That moment she was mine, mine, fair" The word "mine" is repeated, indicating his obsession and possessiveness, with undertones of slight insecurity, as he attempts to reassure himself that she is, indeed, 'his'. The reader is struck by a sudden lack of emotion as the narrator leads up to the murder of his lover: "I found A thing to do" This shows no debate, no doubts, no emotions. The simplistic, understated language sends chills down the reader's spine as we realise he honestly believes murdering his lover to be right. This is important to the idea of the poem, as it leads up to the climax and allows us to see the narrator in full, psychopathic tendencies and all. In conclusion, Porphyria's Lover is a dramatic monologue which brings the reader through the narrator's noticeably and swiftly changing emotions. The poet conveys these changes through a variety of techniques, with the importance of these changes allowing us to see exactly how twisted the central idea of this supposed 'love' poem is.