Bibliography

The American Future A History from the Founding Fathers to Barack Obama , Simon Schama, © 2008

The Audacity of Hope, Barack Obama, © 2006

Killing rage: ending racism, Bell Hooks, selected by Gloria Watcins, ©1995

Kevin Ruane, Lyndon Johnson and the Great Society, The Modern History Review, Vol 15, No. 4 (Jun. 2004)

.?res=&ref=jesseljackson&pagewanted=1, The New York Times, Jesse Jackson aims for the mainstream, written by Joyce Purnick, reported by Joice Purnick and Michael Oreskes, published 29/11/1987

.?_r=2&pagewanted=1, 06/04/2010, The New York Times In Illinois, Obama Proved Pragmatic and Shrewd, 20/07/2007

.?res= 29/03/2011, Reforming Welfare Reform, editorial from the New York Times, published 08/04/2002 .com/news/2009/jul/17/text-obamas-speech-naacp/ , 04/04/2011, The Washington Times, TEXT: Obama's speech to NAACP, published 17/07/2009 .org/wgbh/amex/malcolmx/peopleevents/e_, 05/04/2011, The Public Broadcasting Service, Malcolm and the Civil Rights Movements

.org/wgbh/amex/garvey/peopleevents/p_ 02/04/2011, People and Events: Booker T Washington, 1856-1915, The Public Broadcasting Service

./id/9862643/ns/us_news-life/, MSN News, Race and Ethnicity, Women had key roles in civil rights movement © 2011 The Associated Press

.com/communities/theoval/post/2010/09/obama-pays-tribute-to-911/1, USA Today, Obama: 9/11 reminds us that 'we are one nation', David Jackson, published 11/09/2011

., 24/03/2011, Library of the University of Yale on-line, Gilder Lehrman Centre Online Documents

., 23/03/2011, Library of the University of Massachusetts Amherst on-line.

., 21/03.2011, Columbia University, The Unfinished Dialogue of Martin Luther King, Jr. And Malcolm X, by Clayborne Carson, originally published Souls, Vol. 7, no. 1 (Winter 2005)

., 04/04/2011, University of Minnesota, Voices from the Gaps: Ida B. Wells by Piyali Nath Dalal 27/04/2001, supplemented by Maria Zavialova 20/09/2004

., 04/04/2011, The University of Washington, Communism in Washington State, History and Memory, Race and Civil Rights: the 30's and 40's, © 2002 Shelley Pinckney

.?id=13995, DePauw University, America Must Move "Forward by Hope and Not Backwards by Fear" Rev Jesse Jackson Tells DePauw Audience © DePauw University 200-2011

., 04/04/2011, Understanding Self-Defence in the Civil Rights Movement through Visual Arts, Sonia James-Wilson assistant professor at the University of Rochester, New York

, The Black Collegian Online, By Any Means Necessary: The Life and Legacy of Malcolm X,speech by Prof Marable to the Metro State College, ©Manning Marable 1992

.com/EBchecked/topic/413740/Niagara-Movement, 21/03/2011, Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, Niagara Movement, Ed. Kanchan Gupta and Veenu Setia

., 29/03/2011, Joint Centre for Political and Economic Studies

/pubs/1209/racial-ethnic-voters-presidential-election, 05/04/2011, Pew Research Center, Dissecting the 2008 Electorate: Most Diverse in U.S. History, Mark Hugo Lopez and Paul Taylor

, 29/03/2011, Constitutional Rights Foundation, How Welfare Began in the United States

.org/pages/naacp-history-w.e.b.-dubois, 23/03/2011, NAACP: 100 Years of History © 2009 - 2011 "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People"

.org/pages/jackson_bio, 05/04/2011, The Rainbow PUSH Coalition, Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, Sr © RainbowPUSH

.com/Our_Stories/Chapter3/Richard_, 04/04/2011, It's About Time, an organisation dedicated to preserving and promoting the legacy of the Black Panther Party, Another shade of Black Panther...Richard Aoki (Field Marshall)

.org/dbSocialism&, 24/03/2011, documents collected by Dr Robert W William, Socialism and the Negro Problem by WEB DuBois

.gov/infocus/welfarereform/, 29/03/2011, White House Archives, President's Welfare Reform Agenda

.gov/about/presidents/williamjclinton, 06/04/2011, White House Records, William J. Clinton 1993-2001

.gov/st/peopleplace-english/2008/December/20090106142830jmnamdeirf0., 05/04/2011, from the Archives of the American Government Online, Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement