All about Mummies

The Egyptians believed that live after death would be even better than life on Earth. So, their bodies were preserved for the next life. To preserve the body, the Egyptians performed a process called mummification. This process was developed around 2600 B.C.

In mummification, the first step was to remove the brain through the nostrils. Then, the embalmers make a cut on the left side of the body with a flint knife and the liver and lungs were removed. These were then dried out in the sun and stored in canopic jars. The heart was left in the body so it could be weighed in the Hall of Two Truths. Next, it was set out in the sun for about 40 days to dry. Then, natron was added to the body which kept in from decaying. Then, dry materials like sawdust or leaves were added and the corpse was then wrapped in linen bandages. Finally, the body was put in its coffin. For wealth people and pharaohs, the coffin could be made of many beautifully decorated layers. This way, the body would last forever.

Egyptians thought many elements lived on after death. A person's ka was thought to be the most important element. They thought the ka could bring the corpse back to life. A person's ba was another spirit that has survived, which was thought to have the head of the deceased and the body of a hawk. A person's name and shadow was thought to have eternal existence.