Ashley Morgan

March 15 , 2013

IRWP- Chem.

Did you know there are 80,000 chemicals in commerce ? According to the Body Burden website "No

one is ever exposed to a single chemical, but to a chemical soup, the ingredients of which may interact to

cause unpredictable health effects". These chemicals are also known as additives. Additives are substances added to foods in small qualities typically to improve or preserve it. The safety of these additives are controversial. Some argue additives have negative affects, while others argue additives have positive affects. The additives in processing food have negative adverse cumulative effects on the body.

One type of a negative additive is Sodium nitrate ( NaNO3 ). NaNO3 is used as a preservative; companies use this chemical to expand the life of meats and to prevent the growth of bacteria. The reason NaNO3 is a negative additive is because it is a toxin. When a toxic is ingested, nitrosamines are formed. The compounds called nitrosamines that are formed are highly cancerous ( meaning it will put you at risk to get cancer ). Another additive industries use is Butyrate hydroxyanisole ( BHA ) and Butyrate hydroxytoloence ( BHT ). Both of these chemicals are used to keep food from spoilage. BHA And BHT can be found in foods like butter, meats, gum, snack foods, and certain types of beers. Both chemicals were also proven cancerous by the FDA. "There is proof that some people have difficulty metabolizing BHA and this can result in health and behavioral changes" ( World. Press )

However, even though additives have negative affects a few additives have positive effects on the body. For example Antioxidants. Antioxidants are chemicals found in fruits and vegetables. These additives help to prevent and treat certain diseases. One type of antioxidant would be lycopene; which could be found in tomatoes. Another example pf good additives are essential fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids is an additive needed for normal nervous system function, plus they are good for your heart. Babies and infants need this additive for eye development and brain development.

Even though there are some additives that may have positive impacts on our body, the negative effects out weigh them. Another bad additive are trans-fats. Trans-fats are made when hydrogen gas ( H2 ) reacts with oil. Trans-fat could be found in cookies, crackers, icing, potato chips and even microwave popcorn. Trans-fat is bad for you because they raise your cholesterol. Creating higher risk of heart diseases. But, not only does it raise risk; it takes over the good cholesterol ( HDL ). HDL, helps to protect the heart against diseases.

Additives are substances added to food in small qualities typically to improve or preserve our food. The safety of the additives are controversial. The additives in processing food have negative adverse cumulative effects on the body.