An informative speech I gave in November 2017.


When speaking of the iPhone, Steve Jobs once said, "An iPod, a phone, and an Internet communicator … These are not three separate devices, this is one device, and we are calling it iPhone." Apple had already released the iPod back in 2001, which had revolutionized the music industry. After that, Jobs wanted to transform the phone industry as well. Before iPhone, the most popular cellular devices around included the BlackBerry Curve 8300, the Samsung Blackjack, and the Nokia N95. After the iPhone was released, Apple continued to improve. Today, we see the results of their continuous work. Learning about the evolution of Apple's iPhone, the software system, and the technologies of the newest iPhone will educate you on how much Apple's technology has progressed and improved in just ten years.

First, we'll talk about the basic history of the iPhone. In the beginning, the iPhone was extremely plain compared to today's; however, it was a phone that was "literally five years" ahead of the available cell phones. The first iPhone was released on June 29, 2007, had a screen 3.5 inches diagonally, and had a gray and black shell of plastic and aluminum.

The second iPhone was called the iPhone 3G and was released on July 11, 2008. The back, Murphy stated, was just a solid, curved piece of either black or white plastic. The 3GS — the first phone to have the suffix "S" (which stood for speed) — was no different than the 3G, except for the fact that it was supposed to be faster.

The iPhone 4 was released on June 24, 2010. The new phone was the nicest-looking phone of the time, with a flat back made of either black or white glass, with aluminum sides coloured either space gray or silver. The iPhone 4s was released on October 14, 2011 but nothing changed, with the exception of the new Siri assistant.

The iPhone 5, which came out on September 21, 2012, had a back made of both glass and aluminum and was the first iPhone to use the lightning connector, as opposed to the 30-pin charger Apple devices had used in the past, as Murphy stated. It had a diagonal screen size of four inches, an entire half inch more than previous iPhones and was the biggest iPhone Apple had ever made before. September 20, 2013 was the first time Apple had ever released two phones at once. The 5s and the 5c were identical to each other on the inside, but the 5c had a black front and a plastic back with five different colour options: white, yellow, blue, green, and pink. The 5s, on the other hand, contained the first fingerprint scanner and came in gold as well as gray or silver.

Both the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus were available for preorder on September 12, 2014. They both came in silver, space gray, or gold with an entirely aluminum back. The iPhone 6s and 6s Plus were both ready for preorders on September 12, 2015. They were the first iPhones to come in a fourth colour — rose gold — as well as space gray, gold, and silver. This colour was immensely popular and was the most-purchased of any of the options. The iPhone SE is the smallest iPhone that Apple currently sells and has the design of the iPhone 5s, the workings of the 6s, and has an aluminum back in rose gold, silver, gold, and space gray.

The iPhone 7 and 7 Plus were the first iPhones not to have headphone jacks, as Murphy declared, which caused some contradictory opinions among customers. They both came out on September 16, 2016.

The iPhone 8 and 8 Plus were released on September 22, 2017. This iPhone reportedly has a better camera, redesigned stereo speakers, TrueTone technology, a new colour filter, and the brand new A11 bionic chip. Apple got rid of the gold, bringing the colour options for the enclosure down to rose gold, silver, and space gray.

Now, let's talk about Apple's software system: iOS. Sean Moreau stated that iOS today has features that "many users wouldn't be able to imagine life without." The first OS was first revealed on January 9, 2007 and was released on June 29 of the same year. Though it was never officially recognized as "OS", Steve Jobs had called it a "software" that ran a mobile version of OS X, the system used in Apple's desktops and MacBooks. OS featured multi-touch gestures, visual voicemail, mobile web browsing (also known as Safari), and a YouTube app. An improvement on OS included moving apps to different pages on iPhone and allowed iPod users to have Mail, Maps, Weather, Notes, and Stocks. OS, though it was free for iPhone users, cost $19.99 for iPods.

Officially recognized as "iPhone OS", OS 2 came out on July 11, 2008. This software update included the App Store, a GPS feature on Maps, and push email. This update was free for iPhone users, but iPods still had to pay a $9.95 fee for it. It was, however, significantly less than the previous price. OS 3, released on June 19, 2009, included new features such as voice control, multimedia messaging, Spotlight search, a landscape keyboard, and cut/copy/paste functions. Once again, this update was free for iPhones but cost $9.95 for iPods. Apple later reduced the price to $4.95 as an incentive for iPod users to download the new software. iOS 4 came out on June 21, 2010 and was the first software update to be officially marketed as "iOS". This update introduced wallpapers, multitasking, folders, and FaceTime. It was also the first update to be free to all Apple device users. iOS 5 was released on October 12, 2011. It introduced Siri, the Notification Center, iMessages, Reminders, Newsstand, and a Twitter integration, which allowed you to Tweet from wherever you were at the moment. This was different than the official Twitter app, which you could also install. Coming out on September 19, 2012, iOS 6 came with turn-by-turn navigation in Maps, a Facebook integration, Passbook, and — for the first time ever — LTE support.

You may remember when iOS 7 was released on September 18th, 2013. After Scott Forstall, the Senior Vice President of iOS Software, stepped down, Jonathan Ive took over for him and did a design overhaul. He got rid of the old designs and introduced new icons, layering, and refined typography to iOS. This update also had a new Control Center, AirDrop, CarPlay, iTunes Radio, and a new Photos app. iOS 8 was released on September 17, 2014 and was very similar to iOS 7. However, improvements on the previous installment included a Health app, QuickType, Family Sharing, iCloud Drive, and (in a later update) Apple Music. iOS 8 was also the first software update to have public beta testing as well. iOS 9 came out on September 16, 2015. This installment updated the Notes app to support sketches, upgraded Maps to have transit directions in some US cities, introduced a News app, and gave Passbook a new name — Wallet. iOS 9 improved battery life by one hour as well, and introduced Low Power Mode, a six-digit passcode, and Android migration. iOS 10, released on September 13, 2016, brought with it a redesigned Widgets screen, improved Maps, redesigned iMessages, and a Raise to Wake option on Clock.

iOS 11 — the newest software update yet — was released on September 19, 2017. iOS 11 brought a new app to iOS called Files. In addition, a new dock was added. Drag and Drop was introduced. Notes, Maps, Siri, and the Control Center were updated. Apple Pay came in. The App Store was redesigned. Do Not Disturb became an option for while driving. And, last but not least, the keyboard was updated so that it was one comprehensive keyboard instead of two or three. As you can see, as the iPhone updated, its software program updated as well to help people's lives become as easy as possible.

Now, we'll talk about the newest iPhone out there: the iPhone X. It is the most unique of all the iPhones and was released just two weeks ago on November 3, 2017. It has only two colour options: silver and space gray. It has the first OLED screen, with a 1,000,000:1 contrast ratio. It has an HDR display, TrueTone display, wide-colour display, and 3D Touch. The screen, measuring at 5.8 inches diagonally, is a Super Retina screen that "fills the hand and dazzles the eyes," according to Apple. The outside is water and dust resistant and is made of surgical-grade stainless steel and extremely durable glass on the front and back. The camera on the X is the best ever in an iPhone. It has a larger, faster 12mp sensor, a new colour filter, deeper pixels, and a telephoto camera with optical image stabilization (or OIS). The wide-angle and telephoto cameras allow optical zoom and digital zoom up to ten times on photos and six times for videos. The TrueDepth camera can take portrait-mode selfies, comes with portrait lighting, and has Animoji, emojis that can mirror your expressions. The iPhone X charges wirelessly as well, using an AirPower mat that can be used anywhere. It also unlocks using Face ID, which is enabled by the TrueDepth camera and can adapt to changes in your facial features over time.

When speaking of the iPhone, Steve Jobs once said, "An iPod, a phone, and an Internet communicator … These are not three separate devices, this is one device, and we are calling it iPhone … What we wanna do is make a leapfrog product that is way smarter than any mobile device has ever been, and super-easy to use." Jobs and the Apple company were able to make a huge impact with their devices, and Tim Cook and his team continued to do so after Jobs unfortunately passed after his long battle with pancreatic cancer. The iPhones and iPads you have today … many people couldn't imagine life without them and the convenience that comes with them. We see the results of their endless work here, and the results will keep blowing us all away in the future.