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BACKGROUND/CONTEXT

King Peter II of Yugoslavia —

The youngest and final king of the fell southern Slavic kingdom that was fated to be eaten alive. The child Peter ascended the throne at age 11 following the assassination of King Alexander I, His father, in 1931. At the will of the deceased king, the Yugoslavian government wove a regency council and granted leadership over it to prince Paul, Alexander's cousin, as were the king's wishes should he himself have died before his son became of age.

The beginning of WWII saw the entirety of Yugoslavia surrounded by countries who had pledged their allegiance to the Nazi Socialist Party. In 1941, prince Paul and the regency council chose to enter a non-aggression pact with Germany in ignorance of the recommendations of Peter and his constituents when King Peter was 17 years old. Yugoslavia saw uproarious riots and pandemonium in response to Prince Paul's decision, thus leading to an eventual coup composed and orchestrated by royal Yugoslav Air Force officers and assisted by the British. Upended by the swift and immediate installation of King Peter II on March 27th of the same year, the regency was eliminated shortly before King Peter II was granted full power. (Historydotcom, 2010.)

April 3rd, 1941, and Yugoslavia was invaded by Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria and systematically destroyed until April 17th, when they signed their inevitable surrender.

Two years before WWII, Yugoslavia had had a population of roughly 15,400,000 people. By the end of WWII, Yugoslavia had seen roughly 446,000 deaths in its military, 518,000 murders of their civilians, and 57,000 civilians murdered in the holocaust. ("Yugoslavia" N.D.).

The Yugoslav king, his royal family, and the ministers of his government fled the kingdom en-route to London, making stops in Greece, Jerusalem, and Egypt before their final arrival. The escape ended among numerous other governments in Exile at Clairidge's Hotel on the corner of Brook and Davies streets in Mayfair, London on June 21st, 1941. (Tomasevich 1975, p. 262). Yugoslavia's government-in exile maintained base at Clairidge's hotel during the war ("Did a Hotel Room…?" 2016)