a path to Eudaimonia
act 1 The Lost crisis
(enter janice williamson and crowd)
(scene settings) standing in a cafe in the middle of a crowd
Janice begin monolog: Someone great no doubt, well, they say, it's a brilliant thing to say, beautiful beyond words we can express like, if it's possible to be greater and more wiser than shakespeare, the master of great words says, well, in life we might have many people we like, uh but few are friends and much less are true friends. It's really interesting, thing to say... for sure... but... I mean, I feel I have never had a friend what is that though. And how could we have more, oh... oh... I have to find that, I guess, but i fail to understand this point. How, I don't understand, I just don't. It's a great question, but I don't know, I don't know how to answer. Alas, I don't know, I wish I knew the answer, I wish I was smarter, knew more, or whatever! I just wish! really, I was not so... so... stressed. I wish life was better was happier was easy. I want something in life, something more, something there, but ah, I don't know what!
(enter janice williamson)
(scene setting: in her bedroom on her bed writing with a pink pen in a cutesy flowery looking pink notebook)
Janice: (speaks whilst writing) I need happinesss, not to mention less stress. I want to find out how to be less stress and in a sort of depression. I wish something or someone can help me. I feel so trapped in a veil of depressingness. Not to mention, I am all over the place restless. This isn't happiness. I want to be happy but can't seem to add up like my second grade students can 2 plus 2. Heck, I don't even understand my own life, why I am living, how I am suppose to live. I am lost, so lost, just so lost!I find it hard to get to 4 here. is there hope? Is there a way out? Why is such a thing so difficult to achieve? Oh, why do I even think about this stuff? I just need out, or maybe just all my feelings, is that it? no…., wel…., I… maybe, I should just stop writing and rambling for now.
September 8, 2005
enter amy Chan Heidi Clay and Janice Williamson
amy Chan is at a desk, and heidi takes a few minutes to get her book out of her desk.
janice: amy, you're not going out for recess?
amy: (looks down) no, no one play with. boring outside. (she takes out her drawing)
janice: (walks over to her, neels down next to her) What's the matter.
amy: people... not like me... not with them. people ...
janice: you still finding it hard to relate with your classmates?
(heidi walks out of the room)
amy: y-yes, it hard.
janice thinking: I felt sad for amy she had just come from south china to the united states a year ago and started school here in San Francisco in the middle of the year, but she could not seem to assimulate. a lot of recesses I have to go persuade her to go outside, but why is this. I have no idea, I don't understand. I know it must be hard, but how hard, what does a transition really mean? I feel sad, but I can't quite put my finger on why, it just seems so sad.
janice: well, I am sorry to hear why don't you go out and try anyway! maybe you'd have better luck this time.
Amy slowly shuffles outside
Janice goes back to her paper shuffling it.
janice: (softly more to herself) okay, right... yes, indeed this goes here, yes we're doing this, oh yes, I have got to mark off role and all, and fill that out and send it off. and this too, we'll go over in class.
enters (the school psychologist) paula Davison
paula: hi Janice!
Janice: (still shuffling papers, suddenly look up) oh! hi paula! How are you?
Paula: oh great, thanks! You?
Janice: Oh, fine, busy as always!
Paula: Hey, so may I interrupt you for a few minutes? I thought I would come to check up on Noah and Laura.
Janice: oh yes, I have that here somewhere the reports. Just ... let me ... find it! (digs around on her desk) ah, yes, here it is. Noah, is doing fine, I guess, I had to write him down for 8 disruptions today better so far then the day before today he'd have had two warnings, I wrote the details in here. And Laura did about the same, she had 4 off task today and about 5 to 6 every period section, I wrote it out here too.
Paula: Thanks I'll take this, I don't want to bother you for too long, I just wanted to check up on their statuses and report to mrs. Morsky.
janice: yes, thanks for coming by, are you busy after work, I really need to talk to someone.
paula: Yeah, I can totally meet you after our work day.
janice: great thanks, I really need to talk to someone (sigh deeply) it won't be long.
act 2: search for self and eudiamonia
(enter janice williamson)
(scene settings: hallway a few kids are around
janice is knocking on the door
paula: (opens door) Hey, come in. I am just cleaning up.
(scene shift: inside psychologist office)
paula: So, how was your day?
Janice: (sigh) crazy and stressful as always, that's where the problems begin!
Paula: is your class problematic or maybe is it too much for you, something? What seems to be the problem?
janice: no, it's just ... I feel so, lost for a cause as to why I do what I do and so confused about life. It seems like I ... I am never really ... happy.
paula: so, would you say you're depressed?
janice: well, maybe not quite that, but I mean, what does happiness mean, anyway.
paula: happiness is when you feel good about yourself when you feel joyful. It is when you have this feeling that you are well, and whole. You know when you just won a prize or did something right how happy you feel, that feeling that's happiness.
janice: I thought that's what you might say and sometimes I feel that way, but it's hard, I don't think that's the answer, that's not an answer to life, it's so ... it doesn't make sense. I mean I try to think that way, and ... it just ... doesn't do it. It's suppose to be grander not just a feeling. anyone could be happy or fake it, I mean, not just any person who's really satisfied with life, and doing well and is happy and always cheery has just to feel happy.
paula: well, ... have you thought about talking to someone or perhaps therapy?
janice: well, I ... I don't know about that.
paula: Well, you know, maybe, but I am just suggesting it as a friend, that might just help.
janice: sure, ...' maybe ...' thanks, I'll think about it ...
(fades out scene)
(scene setting: in a busy cafe, which is small, but crowded)
(enter janice williamson)
janice: (sipping at some tea) it's been two days since I talked to Paula. Ruth shall be here any time now. I have been thinking that's seems to be a typical answer that Paula gave but does not seem what I was looking for, but maybe ruth will have a better one, she seems to have a good grasp on life, she's a very good pastor's wife.
(enter Ruth Brown)
ruth: (comes in to the cafe, aproaching janice) Heyow it's been forever! How are you?
Janice: I am ... well ... doing the best that I can you know?
ruth: well, alright, that's all we can do right? you try your best, and you leave the rest up to God.
janice: well..., sure, I suppose, though, I don't feel very blessed right now.
ruth: well, god always loves you, whenever and wherever, don't you forget it, and don't you think for a moment he ain't love you! (walks off) Hang on, should go and get myself a coffee!
janice: (stumbles out of her chair) no, I'll help, can I get you the coffee
ruth: no, no. it's okay I can get it.
(ruth' goes and buys coffee, janice sits back down resignedly)
ruth: (walks towards janice and grabs the chair besides janice and sits in it) So what's the matter, you don't look all that well either.
janice: It's life, just stressed out ... teaching school as always, but I lost site of why I am doing that or anything else in life! At first it seemed all grand, and I was doing something good, you know. I don't know about why I live anymore, I mean, the purpose of life, I seem to drag my feet from day to day, doing the same sort of things day in and day out. Ohthe I mean, it doesn't seem to mean much.
ruth: (a little softer) yeah ...', I'll be praying for you. that's hard. You just have to remember god is always with you and don't want you to feel this way. He's always in your life blessing you.
Janice: well, I mean, that sounds good and all, but that doesn't seem to answer any of my questions! I wanted to ask you, you seem to have it altogether what is happiness and what makes you happy everyday?
ruth: I am happy because the lord is good. He'll always bless me, without the lord we ain't nothing. People are happy because of God and because we all trust in him. He's your only way to get glory and honor in life, all the others with all there ways are dead wrong, and he shall be your purpose. It's only through him that you will live a happy and blessed life. You know it, he's the only able one!
janice: (looks a bit uncomfortable) well, that's interesting, but ... but ... I don't know if I can live that way. I ... i mean no disrespect of course, ...' but of course, I mean, it seems so ...' oh ...' so doesn't fit together, not in my life, at least, I try everyday, but I don't know if I am ready to commit, yet.
ruth: trust me, it's the only way, sister! I'll be praying for you! And, hoping everyday you will be stronger and strengthening your bond with God. I really want you to be happy. HOW about we pray)
(lights get dimmer the two women looks like they will be praying, and the scene fades out)
(enter janice Williamson and Geoff Dodson)
(scene setting: In the teachers lounge, and janice is making copies and Geoff is gathering up his papers)
Geoff: Hello Janice.
Janice: (curtly) Good morning, geoff.
Geoff: How are you?
janice: I am doing okay. (tries to pretend to focus a little more on copying)
Geoff: (looks her up and down) You seem a bit warn out to be fine.
janice: (sharply) What do you mean?
Geoff: It's easy to see that you are more anxious and tired, each subsequent time I have seen you? You don't look well, in other words.
Janice: well ... not really ... (she trails off and takes what copies she has and rushes out of the room)
geoff: (looks out at her in amusement, geoff thinking) it seems ever since I had talked to her about dickens with her last and had elaborated a bit on about some of the finer details of the writing quirks of dickens that, I notice she has been avoiding me for some reason or was it that time in that meeting when we were discussing education policies in our conversation about methods of teaching to the test, when I mentioned some controversial comments about the government and schools that she started to avoid me.
(enter Ronald and crowd)
(scene settings: a busy coffee shop)
Ronald: (sits and waits)
(enters janice williamson)
ronald: (gets up from chair and approaches her) Afternoon, janice, can I get you a drink, janice?
janice: well, you are so kind! only if you want to, I mean, you're so sweet, you know you don't have to!
ronald: Oh, no, not at all, I don't mind. What can I get for you?
Janice: I'll just get a erl gray tea.
(ronald and janice walk towards the counter)
ronald: (takes out his card) can we have an erl grey and a red rubios tea, please?
the lady behind the counter: (cheerfully and takes his card) sure thing! your order will be up in a moment!
ronald: Thank you, madame. (he takes his card back and puts it back in his wallet.)
(the lady makes the tea and places them on the counter.
ronald: thank you, madame. (takes his tea gracefully from the counter)
janice: (grabs her cup of tea)
(both of them goes and finds a table)
Ronald: so how have you been, anyway?
Janice: a bit frazzled nowadays. Just living life, but it seems, that I don't know what I am living for. how I shall live and all. When I tried to talk to people, no one can give me any answers.
ronald: Well, I can certainly try, I think I know some answers. Why don't you try me?
Janice: (desperately and quickly) I really want to know how to be happier and what is the meaning of life?
Ronald: It's definitely a hard question, that you are asking, there. But I am sure that the answer is to seek a position in life and to try to get the highest recognitions, and get honors. We all want to be someone, right? No one likes to be a nobody, after all. So we want a good position in life, a good influential job, an honorable one, that you could safely say that you made something out of yourself. See with me, for example, I am trying to run for the california legislature, or the governor which would be nice too. And with that, of course you hope to serve the people and influence them and please them. I know you don't follow politics much, but politicians want to appear the best, and to be the one who serves their people the best, and who gives the most programs and assistance to them.
Janice: That's great and all, but doesn't that kind of life tire one out if one's not a politician?
ronald: Well, only if you let it, you know just think of all the ways you are 'serving people!
janice: That seems really great, but it definitely wears one out, to please someone all the time. And it makes sense that your life would depend not on yourself, but others.
ronald: but, janice, our lives are dependent on others, surely we all can't live as isolated islands.
Janice: well, I kind of believe you, but I can't be sure. It really does maybe seem okay, but ...' but I ... I really can't say I am convinced.
ronald: believe me, you'll realize it someday, but what's the point on arguing about this, people have different meanings to life, we shall just let it be, and agree to disagree.
Janice: yeah, well, I guess so, but your answer seems the clearest of all so far.
(scene fades out)
(enter janice Williamson)
(scene settings: at janice's house in her living room)
janice: (bustles around making coffee
(a loud knock on the door)
janice: (walks to the door and peeks out of the peek whole and opens the door)
(enter william shelden)
william: hello janice
janice: hi, it's good to see you will, come in and sit down!
william: Thank you! You are very graceful.
Janice: I am so glad you can drop by today, it's good to see you again.
William: (takes a seat) yes, it's definitely true. It's definitely good to see you! I've been so busy too, so much work in running a business you know. It's not easy.
janice: no, it must not be, I don't doubt that! It seem so complex the whole system. so anyway how've you been except busy?
William: Not to much besides that, been fine I guess. And yourself, you look ... a bit ... unwell.
Janice: Just been worried and confused. I've been ... hoping to get my life straightened up once it fell apart. I still work and all but it's somehow getting to me. I mean, ... like not to complain or anything. I try to look for happier things.
Wiliam: Well, yeah, I understand life can be hard sometimes, though you've seem strong to me.
Janice: Oh why thank you, but you always seem so much more happy and stronger 'then I. Oh what makes you happy, anyway?
william: Making money is very essential for happiness. After all money can buy a lot of things. It can buy you happiness, or things that make you happy. I have a lot of good shiny things because of the happy cash, I have. The more I work the more I can get. You collect goods that you can invest, in, in life.
Janice: That seems too simple, and so temporary like the little ones things can get old quickly. How can you live like that. Also, it seems ... so darn selfish!
William: If you don't want profits in life, what do or could you possibly want? This is why you are so confused janice, trust me.
Janice: This I don't know, but surely it has to be something else. Something more ... more ... longer lasting and like ... you know ... worthwhile or something. Oh yes, I should get coffee for both of us (gets up and walks out of the room)
(enter Charles Pascal)
(scene setting: Scenic bay of santa cruz, by the shoreline in a boathouse.)
Charles: (docks the boathouse and secures it to the dock and thinks) it's about 4:30 Janice should be here anytime now. She said she wanted to come by for a chat and visit.
(cell phone rings)
charles: (answers phone and holds it by his ear) hello janice. ... ... Yes, I'll be coming down to meet you, then. Did you manage to find parking, it's sometimes hard at the shoreline, I understand. ... ... Well, that's good to hear. well, alright, see you in a few minutes. (hangs up and, walks out of the boat house out to the shoreline.)
(takes a bit to find janice but, he finally spots her.
(enter janice williamson)
janice: (gets out of her car.) hello Charlie! (grins happily)
charles: Hello janice. How are you?
(they start to walk back to his boathouse)
janice: I am a little lost and distressed. Just don't know what life is for anymore and not really happy. Just ... just ... all over the place lately. I just don't feel right. how ... how are you?
Charles: I am doing well, maybe I can help you with that.
Janice: oh! I was really hoping that you can. If you didn't know some of these answers, I don't know who would. I mean, you seem to know so much. I mean, I was really hoping you'd know or else I would not know what I do!
Charles: Well, I can see what I can do, I am sure I can find something to help you.
Janice: (rushes on) thanks! I mean, what is happiness, anyway and ... well besides, how do you live a life worth living. How do you want to go on living with such a gloomy world!
charles: I don't think happiness is exactly what y'r looking for. It's more like the answer to life.
Janice: but, what do you mean? I don't quite understand.
Charles: I mean that, you are not just looking for an answer about a feeling and how to feel a certain way. your answer that you are seeking is much more complex then that, and you shouldn't look for just a mere feeling, as if you, if you look for another answer, that one will come to you, naturally.
Janice: okay ... oh! This is super interesting! Do tell me more. How ... how can I know this! (walks behind him more excitedly)
Charles: I should lend you a book. It's titled the nicomachean ethics and it's by aristotle. I suggest you give it a careful read over.
Janice: aristotle, the great philosopher, I've never read something so deep, but sure, I am not so sure how that will help me though.
Charles: Why don't you read over it and then we'll discuss it?
(reaching the boathouse charles opened the door and janice walked in, and then charles walked in after her)
charles: Feel free to make yourself comfortable.
Janice: Thanks a lot Charlie.
(charles bustles around and gets out some cups.
Charles: would you like something to drink? do you want tea, coffee, or water or what?
Janice: uh ... sure how about te, thanks charlie!
(charles bussles around making tea, then he finally sits down with two cups)
janice: So, charlie, what does aristotle have to say.
charles: Many things, but a main thing in the nicomachean ethics is how to live a happy life, but he doesn't mean happiness as a mere feeling, I will just say that much to give you a hint. You see, the word in greek he meant was eudaimonia, which was not quite happiness or flirrishing. This is because there is not an exact word for the word eudaimonia, so people just had to pick an english word that fit best, and this is what Aristotles thinks we should aim to live by in our lives.
janice: that's quite interesting.
Charles: yes, indeed.
(scene fades out)
act 3: seeking one's identity
(Scene teachers lounge, at lunch time)
Janice: (she is eating lunch. The nicomachean ethics book is laying around thinks) It's so good. It's been a week and I have just finish book 3, but I didn't think I'd even really like it as much, but I actually do. I definitely didn't expect it, or anything.
(enter geoff Dodson)
Geoff: Good afternoon, Janice.
Janice: (looks up) hello geoff ...
Geoff: (stops at the table where janice is sitting, and looks around observantly) I see, that you are reading aristotle's nicomachean ethics. It's a good book. I had no idea you enjoyed such things. (he asked slowly)
Janice: I just got into it, it has not been very long at all.
geoff: I thought you enjoyed reading dickens, and shakespeare.
janice: well, I do, but ... but ... this somehow seems captivating, though.
Geoff: It is a very good book, I also like this book called (pronounces the words and emphasizes them more.) radical hope.
janice: I see ...
geoff: I think, you might want to give it a try. It's a bit of a case study of an indian tribe and the chief. It discusses some different concepts, but I think it takes and applies some of aristotles ideas rather well.
Janice: Well, maybe' ... maybe ... I'll try it out, uhm, thanks, Geoff.
Geoff: That's not a problem. I think in many ways that radical hope is more applicable, and definitely, something, I favor more.
Janice: that's good to know. I'll ... have to check it out sometime.
geoff: I think it is a good first step to read aristotle, however, so I am rather glad you are finding more in life, picking up books and to start creatively and critically think. You know, a lot of people have lost their curiosity, and ability to think dependently, hopefully these books will help you. And reading books that gives you, a good account of history to. The more you know, and the more you.
janice: (abruptly) thanks, but I forgot I had some paperwork, I got to go (hurries out of the room relieved to leave)
(enter janice williamson, charles pascal, and crowd)
(scene settings: scenic view of santa cruz at a restaurant)
Charles: (puts a menu down) Well, you were saying you got a bit of aristotle done?
janice: (leans back in her chair) Yes, it was hard, it took me a month, but I got it done. Hardest thing I've ever read in my life, but good. It's just takes sometime to process. It is good, and overall I think it's right. I think he makes a lot of sense and a lot of good points. I think he is correct. It applies quite well to my life, and I believe to others as well. I can see a lot of examples in this that I can also see utilized in my class and efforts as things that I do.
Charles: well, that's great! I am quite glad to hear this. Maybe, I can help you with what you don't understand.
Janice: I think I understand just takes some time. (pause to think for a minute or two) So aristotle is saying that happiness is not like when you say I am happy today like a feeling? Pretty sure? unlike these things you have to acquire it ... it's not naturally in you. and that ... it's an honorable activity, ... aristotle was saying it's ... it's has to be complete like ... like ... you have nothing to achieve after, and you have to be wanting to do the doing, it must be something you desire, something you're pleased about, and that ... you want this, because of eudaimonia itself not something else, which will take up your whole life or rather a greater part of one's life, and whilst someone is still alive he needs to keep up this doing to keep on flourishing or being happy or to maintain eudaimonia. one has to try for it, you can not just merely be or ... and it's not quite a state ...
Charles: Yes, that's right. Aristotle means it not as an easy state to become and one must know wisely how to keep on in this sort of active life style and how best to continually do this activity. also, remember however that pleasure he says is not always a bad thing, but eudaimonia is not always pleasurable. The bad pleasures, he says are not eudaimonia, but rather most of them are bodily. But pleasure isn't the best good even if it's a good, because it's not something you can become, as pleasure is not incomplete, but it's rather complete.
Janice: (thinks for a minute) yes, that's what I gathered to, he was also mentioning, how ... this is a virtue it's more about getting to flourish, not so much honor or wealth though some people would say that. You can earn a lot of money from your businesses, but that would be temporary pleasures, virtue if you make it, but it is not eudaimonia? It may be some wealth you might have to have some but it's not the main basis of which one judges your level of eudaimonia nor pleasure. As aristotle says that well ...' sometimes being in this activity of eudaimonia can sometimes not always be so pleasureable. And at the end he mentioned how this activity involves studying for it and keep studying, so you would be called well studied.
Charles: Yes, exactly, that's right. He also mentions the part about how you need a degree of luck, in a sense you need to have been born well, or have good descendants or that one must be necessarily a little wealthy?
janice: yes, I remember. he also said that this was done by the rational part of the spirit that obeys reason and how their was four parts.
Charles: that's correct as well, The rational part can have apetite or it can not and there's the non-rational part of the soul which you share with plants and animals.
janice: oh, yeah, right! Also, at the beginning he was mentioning how there might be many goods and what people know is life and how many people aim for different things like the doctor aims for health and the general for honor and generalship and glory and victories. But the right answer is deeper then most of these sort of above it, these people can reach it to, but it's not just about one's job or career or likes and it's not these smaller aims.
charles: That's right as well. Yes, I think, you have it pretty well, there.
janice: (pauses another minute) so, I am a educator so, my good would be to help as many people, and honor in seeing people flourish as people who would study, but that's not quite eudaimonia, though, I have to be well studied myself. Though, don't you think as a educator I am passing on knowledge, but aristotle specifies also that they have to be your descendants?
Charles: well, as to studying your later point you are correct about aristotle's point, but as to being an educator, as there weren't any when aristotle wrote this there were no established public schools, so in a way you are helping enrich other people's chances of there good or eudaimonia if they are made out for that. But, it's not the exact things to eudaimonia you are teaching, but perhaps, the basis. As aristotle says that, you can only have a moral education through the political activist, but to learn how to communicate and be well off in society is a step before you can do that. but, the educating, not studying, and my act as a businessman, is not a final good, you would not want these things for the sake of happiness you can certainly have a good above this. Now, about these descendents of yours it would only effect you somewhat, but not fully, after your death.
Janice: yeah, that makes sense. The whole after you are dead thing sounds a little ... interesting, but as to being alive didn't aristotle say it could fluctuate but if you are good enough it doesn't all that much? If I was lucky, and had eudaimonia and say my money got stolen or something, but ... like say ...' you know ... a large portion. I can only last if I knew how and if I am made out and trained to withstand it, and also, or if I had true eudaimonia. I would not lose that much, or have it hit me that hard and drag me down in eudaimonia wise!
Charles: that's right. The virtuous person whatever the virtue has to always be ... oh lets take the virtue of bravery for instance, a brave person it can not just be once or a situation. They have to be good at it and they have to know how to be brave. They have to be able to embody this character of a virtue well. It does not just have to be bravery, however. Not other similar traits and it might be easy to confuse them, but if you really study the actions you can tell which are really brave actions.
Janice: then he also elaborates for a bit about how intermediates neither a too much or too little, are usually the virtue? and he gives a list of these deficiencies and excesses.
charles: Yes that's also correct.
Waiter: there's the seafood medley for you ma'am (places down a large plate of seafood and rice) and sir, the stake special for you sir. (puts down another big plate with tender looking stake potatoes, and other things)
Charles: Thank you, waiter
janice: yeah, thank you!
Waiter: sure, no problem, and enjoy your meal! (walks off to serve another table)
Scene fades out)
(enter janice Williamson)
(scene setting: in the middle of a crowded cafe)
Janice: (combs hands through hair thinking) So, now that I have read both books the puzzle is starting to fall in place together for me. It's starting to make sense in my life, as a narrative I can apply to the meaning of my own life, the life of Janice Williamson, the teacher, the dreamer, and whatever else. Jonathon Lear was saying that Plenty Coups and his tribe made a transition. This tribe was once the hunting people and were nomadic and become the folks who lived on the reservation. From a wild and active group to a group that was closer to american life. When I was reading about this and the force and trickery that were imposed on them, I thought of the children I teach, and how they were force to change when they grew out of infancy and started school. There was new rules that were imposed on them, new people, and a new way of life, they were not able, nor were they allowed to still be little toddlers, they were required to live a different life, and to change their ways. School imposed this different world, and different way of living on infants and toddlers, just like the Crow was shut up on that reservation and not allowed to live a free life, no real hundting, no old traditioni. They were not allowed to steal other's horses, plant coup sticks, or kill people for the sake of honor, in fact that was and is considered evil. As to the kids, they get put in classes, they have to learn something even if it's fun, they can't just play inside or outside all day which they did at home. They don't get to be with their parents all day. This also, sort of relates to aristotle, as a tribe the Crow, they might say that they do have eudaimonia or at least some members, but it's hard to say this when a whole society is confined and ruined like this. It is impossible to them at this point in history to say where their new values are, much less, achieve eudaimonia. Lear was saying, how a lot of these people become addicted to drugs and had maybe a rough life. This is maybe how the kids feel, though, not the part about losing eudaimonia as children can not possess eudaimonia. However they as children can lose a little of their identity and thus struggle, which is why they often feel homesick and cry when they first are introduced to school. They need to be taught how to behave in public as well. There was another point which ... I was thinking of too. but not as detailed as now, but he was talking about how they were forced to be a part of american culture or embody the american values. I keep thinking about amy Chan and sofia Rivera. They were both forced to be uprooted from their culture, They are at a public institution, in which you are in many degrees and ways asked to be american, I've realized and thought more that this is very much demanded and imposed on the child. The native language is often discouraged, and they teach only about being an american. Schools try to force people to, and in many ways, they must assimulate. This takes away one's identity and character that is not so much under one's control as lear has very well pointed out. Just like the crow was expected to be more white, and to farm to privatize their property, and not commonly own the property by just saying this was the tribes lands, also to domesticate all their animals and not have say horses roaming around. This change was not their culture or tradition. This causes confusion and it's not as easy as you'd think just saying assimulate and they do it. I think about Amy Chan most when I think of this issue. The student in my second grade" class, she comes from south China a year or so ago and even at such a young age, change is still a bit hard, maybe her english is improving, but she can never really assimulate into the culture or get the grasp of the culture. She never really wants to play with the other children because, she doesn't get their cultchre and ways. I didn't understand before, I just felt sad, but now, I understand why and I find it that much more tragic. Where as to sofia, she is better at adapting, and can fit in more. Maybe the cultures is more similar, but some people are better at adapting and some aren't. We are taught in school, that all children and people are different, or there is no textbook student or kid. And this system of our! either the school or the greater american culture does think so sometimes, however. They say, "Oh we don't care who you are, but we just want you to assimulate to be this and this american, it's too bad if you can't fit."
Sofia is more like plenty coups maybe, but on the other hand amy is like trap his tail. Lear seems to put a lot of weight on the chickadee. He says that the one who is successful is the one who listens most and does the things he has to for survival. He is not the best of the older traditions necessarily, in fact, lear, says if you are more about the older culture, it will be a hinderance for you. It may be true that amy is more rooted a better example of her culture then sofia is, but I can't be sure of that.