p class="Body" style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Helvetica; border: none;"The Romantic Era was a somewhat distant past, Yet it is not distant, because much of our literature stil runs along similar themes. Because it seem an age ago, it has become the established practice to write in such a fashion. The popular, widely read fantasy series of Novels Harry Potter written by J. K. Rowling, is such an example. In deathly Hallows we encounter destruction, which was a common theme in the romantic era in many different manifestations, which include the following: a person who usheres in chaos due to his innocence at the beginning, destruction of innocent persons in the name of purity and fun, and destruction of nature./p
p class="Body" style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Helvetica; border: none;" In both Harry Potter and a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, we see an innocent person being friendly to people who are evil and invites them in, who causes chaos and destruction. In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows such a character came in the form of Severus Snape and in Christabel it is Christabel herself. Severus Snape grew up with disfunctional family and initially was good friends with Lily Evans, but because of his father he had impressions He'd belong to Slytherin House, which is known for dark magic, producing evil and devious people, and a tendency to focus on purity of blood status. His first few years one can assume was filled with a somewhat close relationship with Lily Evans, and having some aspects of his life linked to the good side. but he was friends with some fellow Slytherins Named Mulciber and Avery, who were not such good influences and came from backgrounds that supported the evil side. In many ways Severus Snape was innocent and wanted to be on the good side, but wanted to innocently justify the evil side because he was acquainted with the death eater's children. In Samuel Talor Colridge's Christabel It was similar. Christabel was a good lady and lived a good life, but she runs in to this beautiful lady with a nice body and complete with nice sandals that "wildly glittered here and there the gems entangled in her hair"(l.l. 64-65). We later find out that she is evil. in that fashion. However, at the beginning Christabel did not know this and vowed to help Geraldine, this beautiful lady by saying "may you command the service of Sir Leoline; and gladly our stout chivalry wil he send forth and friends withal" (l.l. 106-109). Because Geraldine is evil and destruction, Christabel invited her in, and with it came the destruction. In terms of Harry Potter Inn a sense, by being friends and having Slytherin influences because he was part of that house, he invited the death eaters in to his life and consequently to effectively invite them in to Hogwarts at the time of the Deathly Hallows. Effectively, he allows them to control the schooll, and lets them in because he has to do so. We can see an example of this when Lily Evans confronted Snape about his relationships with these Slytherins and their friendship, because of what the other Slytherins were doing. Snape responds that "'It was a laugh, that's all'" (673). Snape also then is pulled in to the Evil side and befriends them even more by serving Voldemort fully. He spied on the prophecy being made and relayed the entirety of it to his master. Similarly, in Coleridge's Christabel Christabel gets closer to geraldine. After inviting her in, getting ready for bed. they fell asleep together, and Geraldine's "arms of thine have been the lovely lady's prison."(l.l. 303-305).In terms of Harry Potter the story continues with Voldemort then assumed it was the Potters, which causes a dilemma because Lily Evan's is now married to James Potter and Snape still loves her. Snape ordinarily would not care much anymore, at this point, who they killed, for the exception of Lily Evans. He meets Albus Dumbledore who is the headmaster of Hogwarts, a wizarding school, and the head of the order of the pheonix, an organization fighting Voldemort, and begs him to protect Lily. After some Reasoning from Dumbledore who appeals to his conscience, Snape agrees that dumbledore should "'hide them all, then,' … Keep her—them—safe. please'" (678). The problem and the chaos starts in a way when he's converted to the good side, but keeps working for Voldemort as well, as a spy for the good side, when Dumbledore asked Snape what would he give him in return, and snape responds, "'anything'" (678). In Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows A Headline in The Daily Prophet claims, "SEVERUS SNAPE CONFIRMED AS HOGWARTS HEADMASTER" (225), which begins the chaos in a much larger degree then it has ever before in the 17 years that has elapsed since Snape has been serving the good side. Snape does not defend the good side, because he was so far in Voldemort's numbers and there would be serious repercussions. The Carrows have now penetrated Hogwarts and have caused some damage. For example when Harry finally arrives at Hogwarts to find one of the last bits of Voldemort's fragmented soul hidden in an object, a horcrux, this is when Neville tells him what Hogwarts has become. According to Neville Longbottom, a friend of Harry's, claims in Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows, "'amycus, the bloke, he teaches what used to be Defense Against the Dark Arts, except now it's just the Dark Arts'" (574), which is changing up things drastically at Hogwarts and against what people really are wanting. Neville also remarks that some people are in real danger, because they have "'friends and relatives on the outside are giving trouble" (574), which means that the students who are mostly underage children are not safe at hogwarts, which is just part of the chaos being caused there. Because he is forced to admit the Carrows, the chaos is let in to Hogwarts. Snape has also ushered in the ministry and allowed them and the orders of Voldemort dominate Hogwarts. Because of this new interference, The staff is not fre to have their own opinions. According to Romulus, actually Remus Lupin who's a werewolf who serves the order of the phoenix and good friendd of James Potter, who is Harry's deceased father, reported on Potter Watch, a radio program put on by some members of the Order of the Phoenix, in Hary Potter and The deathly Hallows, "'well known gamekeeper at Hogwarts School, has narrowly escaped arrest within the grounds of Hogwarts, where he is rumored to have hosted a 'Support Harry Potter' party in his house.'" (442), which was an attempt to oppose and restrict one's alliances. At this point in the story Harry was on the run against Voldemort, and so any supporters were apparently done away , at the climax of this chaos and his struggles of serving two opposing masters, snape is beginning to see his errors and has to rely on Instructions from Dumbledore through Dumbledore's Portrait. Such an example comes in the form of formulating what information to relate to Voldemort, and also how to proceed with their plan of moving Harry to safety. Dumbledore must have at some point at the beginning of Harry Potter And The Deathly hallows, even if it's mentioned at the end, given these instructions to Snape, "you will have to give Voldemort the correct date of Harry's departure from his aunt and uncle's' … 'not to do so will raise suspicion, when Voldemort believes you so well informed. However, You must plant the idea of decoys; that, I think, ought to ensure Harry's safety'" (688), which in saying this dumbledore was helping to plan the escape of Harry. Snape had to consult with him because things were out of his control and needed someone stronger and better prepared for this situation. In Coleridge's Christabel, Christabel was cast in a trance and was able to perceive "that look those shrunken serpent eyes" (602). It wasn't just the appearance that was evil, in fact her "look of dull and treacherous hate" (606), was evil, because she was looking at her host who kindly was going to help her She realized at this point where she had erred and begged her father to send her off quickly. The idea of inviting in destruction by an innocent person, also leads to another type of destruction, the destruction of innocence./p
p class="Body" style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Helvetica; border: none;" In both Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows and The literature in the romantic era both contain a specific type of destruction, which is a destruction of the innocent being. The way it's done is often the characters are tortured or murdered. At the beginning of Harry Potter and The deathly Hallows someone decided to hang a woman from the ceiling, at which Voldemort gaze "had wandered upward to the body revolving slowly overhead" (3). This was one of those ways that the death eaters had decided to punish and torture people, and it is most probable that the woman did nothing to cause this. Her only crime however, was being on the wrong side and holding views that they did not support, which is witnessed by Voldemort a little later commenting to his death eaters "'yes… Professor Burbage taught the children of witches and wizards all about muggles" (11/12). She was tortured for their entertainment, while she begged Severus Snape for Help, who did not help her. After this she was hit by the killing curse, and "charity fell, with a resounding chrash,onto the table below" dead (12). This shows Voldemorts intolerance and cruelty towards someone who really did not deserve it. A spite for the opposition, and not caring how innocent the person was. Another example is an image we are presented with, present on a pamphlet about muggles, people who are not born wizards who possesses magical powers and how they are dangerous, presents "a picture of a red rose with a simpering face in the middle of its petals, being strangled by a green weed with fangs and a scowl" (249), which is a disturbing image to have. This image is violent, and even if they did not directly state that they would rather murder all who are not purely magical, this rather implies it. Their way to judge this blood status criterion is summed up nicely by this quote as Lupin explains it to the trio, "'unless you can prove that you have at least one close Wizarding relative, you are now deemed to have obtained your magical power illegally and must suffer the punishment'" (209, and this includes students entering Hogwarts. This is very unjust against people who are no doubt innocent of their crimes, and have no real reason to be harmed. The most disturbing thing is their needs not be proof that they had in fact stolen anything or had gone through the process of theft. They were treated as criminals even before they were given a hearing. There is a parallel here in terms of torturing someone who is different in their group. Even though it's somewhat different, the concept is the same. The scottish was seen as foreign and were low class, thus they were discriminated against badly. Because she's different, lower-class, come from a different background she is deemed to be inferior and not worth their time. Her only use is to serve them, furthermore, "alone she cuts, and binds the grain: (5), which is life she is condemned to. Because she is so low-class in society, she is solitary mostly. This is due to who she is, and worsworth describes her as "single in the field, yon solitary highland Lass! reaping and singing by herself" (l.l. 1-3). In the society, simply because one was a scottish native and spoke gaelic, made one low-class. In Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallos, The anti-chamber to the courtroom where their cases was heard was set up like the wizarding prison, "packed with tall,black-hooded figures, their faces completely hiden, their ragged breathing the only sound in the place" (257), which was the cause of fear in the room, and terrified people. This is not physical torture though it is mental and is to cause them to lose confidence and to make them obey. This helps the process of punishing and eliminating them easier, because they're already hopeless, and many of them can not prove that they have a wizarding connection in their family. In The Solitary Reaper, though the torture is more sad then either physical or mental, it can be still said to be mental. The woman in this account "sings a melancholy strain" (l. 6), whilst she is working alone in the fields. The torture is to isolate and shun these low-class Gaelic women, which can be torture in itself. Isolation can be a difficult problem. Wowrdsworth notices this and wonders if the subject matter she was singing was "some natural sorrow, loss,or pain" (l. 23). However,if these are not deemed innocent and offensive enough, there are pictures of crueler actions. The background of this situation, is that pupils begin their career at Hogwarts at eleven years old, and this is their first year and subsequently they spend 7 more years at Hogwarts. Thus, when Harry returns to hogwarts, neville recounts that one of his fellow resisters at hogwarts, "got caught releasing a first-year they'd chained up" (575). This eleven years old most probably did not deserve this, or do anything that merited such cruelty, but because of the chaos and the regime at hogwarts torture and cruelty was quite common when it came to innocent children. In a way This is similar to how a poet hhad described his native Country of England and their actions. Up until the mid to late 19th centry, slavery was legal, and he tells his countrymen that they bore "to distant tribes slavery and pangs, and deadlier far, our vices, those deep taint with slow perdition murders the whole man" (l.l. 50-52). He is telling his countrymen how there slavery is treacherous and what is up against them. In Harry Potter the chaining up of children is horrible but not as terrible as slavery but still both tortures and subjects an innocent person. The slaves are under chains too, instead of physically more so societally. As coleridge declares, "bartering freedom and the poor man's life for Gold, as at a market" (l.l. 62-63), and in a way they were real chainss, as in the slave aucsions. The most unethical and most terrible plan when it came to murdering an innocent life was an event mentioned as a vision in Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows, but happened almost 16 years prior. Of course this event is the one which began it all, the desire to want to kill an innocent infant, Harry Potter. Voldemort somehow deemed because of a prophecy he was in danger, and thus "wanted to see it happen, the destruction of this one, inexplicable danger" (345). In The Rhyme Of The Ancient Mariner by Coleridge, there was an albatross who found the ship that the mariner was traveling on. The bird followed this ship and bonded with the crew. This is until as the narrator confesses "'with my cross-bow I shot the albatross'" (l.l. 80-81), which did absolutely nothing to the crew besides existing and perhaps being a bird. The mariner just decided to shoot it and didn't really have a good reason to do so. Voldemort though does not get away without repercussions, because due to the attempt of killing an infant, of course it doesn't work otherwise the Harry Potter series would never be possible, the seventh book describes that at t this point, "he broke: He was nothing,nothing but pain and terror" (345). At the beginning part of the series we find out that means hes been transformed, due to his rebounding curse, in to some type creature. In the Deathly Hallows we discovered that it also meant that his soul fragmented. In The rhyme of the Ancient mariner his shooting of the albatross also had consequences, in a way more complex then in Harry potter. . The Mariner's ship and surroundings became unbarable, as the Mariner explains "I looked upon the rotting sea, and drew my eyes away; I looked upon the rotting deck" (l.l. 240-242). Not only that however, nature also punished him by having "water, water, every where, nor any drop to drink" (l.l. 121-122). Nature has turned on the Mariner and caused havoc because he murdered the Albatross. Coleridge does this to highlight the outrageousness of killing an innocent creature. Both letting in destruction and murdering and torturing innocence is about people, but there is another form of destruction, which involves nature itself./p
p class="Body" style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Helvetica; border: none;" Another aspect that Harry Potter and The romantic Era has in common is the concern of destruction of nature. For many years before Deathly Hallows even before the beginning of the time of Harry's first year, Voldemort sought to live forever and to have longevity of life. The readers learn that he tries to reach this goal by spliting his soul in many pieces and store them in order to prolong his existence. The pieces of soul hidden in objects are called a horcrux. Examples of these are the locket of the old Slytherin wizarding family, and it was a locket and "behind both of the glass windows within blinked a living eye, dark and handsome as tom riddle's eye had been" (375). Another example is the Diadem that long ago belonged to Ravenclaw. now This diadem dripped "a bloodlike substance dark and tarry" (635). and then "suddenly Harry felt the thing vibrate violently, then break apart in his hands and as it did so, he thought he heard the faintest, most distant scream of pain" 635). This was an infraction of nature, because voldemort thought that he could later use these horcruxes to prolong his existence. Because they are now horcruxes, None of these objects are natural. By depleting his own soul, he could live longer, but the drawback is the ruin of nature and his natural soul. In a similar vein, William Wordsworth's narrator in Resolution and Independence stumbles upon an old man with a very interesting job. He was a Leech gatherer, which meant he went "from pond to pond he roam'd, from moor to moor, housing with God's good help, by choice or chance and in this way he gain'd an honest maintenance" (l.l. 110-112). He found that this job was sufficient but what he didn't consider was while useful to him it was destroying the earth. It was depleting nature and ruining the echosystem. This may ruin some process in the food chain as well. In both of these pieces we can see the effects of depletion/ In Harry Potter, If the soul is split too many times, perhaps it is dangerous, and we are already seeing such consequences because Voldemort appears snakelike and non-human. In Resolution and Independence also, destruction is quite obvious. The leech gatherer observes that "'once I could meet with them on every side; but they have dwindled long by slow decay'" (l.l. 131-132), which shows us the leeches are beginning to deplete. The leech gatherer or the leech gatherers have by their work killed off these creatures, so they are harder to find. This is happening far more frequent than the Leeches are able to reproduce and multiply, which is what a healthy population should be doing. When it is becoming harder to find, depletion and destruction is at hand, and a possibility of extinction may occur if depletion occurs over time. Another form of ruining nature is sceen in Harry Potter when the death eaters use nature as their own and make it what it was not. They took the forest and in a sense made it more sophisticated by making it their campout. In a sense urbanizing nature. The distrubed life has dispurpsed and become displaced. In this situation, they have gone out to the school where everyone is, for a lack of habitat. As the trio can see "more giant spiders were climbing the side of the building, liberated from the Forbidden Forest" (639). This is bad because the nature and order of things are ruined. Wildlife, and existence can no longer be the way it was or meant to be. This theme was also similar in the Romantic era. Industrialization was ongoing and thus the theme of loss of nature and habitat was common. In michael William wordsworth highlights the struggle of farming country people in England at the time. However when Michael is buried in debt he sent his son off to the city, and Luke his son gave himself to evil courses: ignominy and shame fell on him so that he was driven at last to seek a hiding place beyond the sea" (l.l. 452-4-55). This is speaking of how cities can corrupt and symbolises the strife of lost of a home habitat. It was once the countryside, but cities had emerged, and everything was changed and displaced. Also, in Wordsworth's Tintern abbey the speaker is contrasting how the city is compared to the country, which came before the cities, which is much more of a familiar environment. He tells of how in the city he is not free and that life is restrictive, out of his natural element he's originally from. He is stuck "in lonely rooms, and mid the din of towns and cities" (l.l. 26-27). Furthermore he feels uncomfortable in the city spending "hours of weariness" l. 28), out of place and amongst a lifestyle, which he doesn't like. He goes on to confess that being in nature is a "tranquil restoration—feeling too of unremembered pleasure" (l.l. 31-32). This pleasure he has forgotten is remembered when he returns to a habitat that he's familiar with and can manage. Another instance of destruction is all this pollution which is caused by the dementors. While this could be temporary, the dementors were allowed to rome and be free. They were allowed to stay in city and pollute it. This polution of fog was so great that even the non-wizarding population who new nothing about dementors, was noticed. Because it was such a problem, Harry pointed out how "even the Fogs—they're caused by dementors" (35), to his non-wizarding uncle, because it was effecting everyone and their existence. Later as the trio was wandering around it was always noticable that "natural mists joined those casted by the dementors" (292). Also another contribution to destruction of nature was fire. Even if it was because of the act of war such an action is not helping polution issues. for example when lupin mentions that the death eaters "'burned down Dedalus Diggle's house'" (206). Also, it was never mentioned anywhere else and no real proof that it was used, but the facts that they taught students how to start a dangerous magical type of fire, "'fiendfyre—cursed fire'" (635).and was probably allowed to use it. Similar to Harry Potter, the Romantic poets also addressed Pollution. This was due to cities becoming industrialized. part of the issues were coal burning and chimneys how much soot they emited and collected. William Blake comments on this with his The Chimney Sweeper from the Songs Of Innocence and comments on how much soot it was putting out. This was so terrible that the narrator comments that "so your chimneys I sweep and in soot I sleep." (l. 4). This poem especially this line brings up a conversation on the disadvantage of the city and how much resources are being used to this end. The soot represents pollution and the state of the city. and the narrator's comment on sweeping the Chimney represents the process which keeps producing the polution. The soot would ruin Little Tom Dacre's hair as the narrator explains to Tom Dacre, "you know that the soot can't spoil your white hair" (l.9), if you let them cut it off. In a sense Tom's hair is symbolising how pollutants are effecting everyone and there well being. In Lord Byron's Darkness we see this theme even if it's a post apocalyptic scenario. Because the people of the world did not have any light after burning all the cities and castles, "forests were set on fire—but hour by hour they fell and faded—and the crackling trunks extinguish'd with a crash" (l.l. 19-21). This is bad because it destroys nature and has side effects. It is not good for the environment but it also ruins the habitat of wild animals. The wild animals is thus displaced "the wildbirds shriek'd, and, terrified, did flutter on the ground, and flap their useless wings; the wildest brute came tame and tremulous;and vipers crawl'd and twined themselves among the multitude hissing, but stingless" (l.l. 32-37). This is not how at all nature should be, and the tragic ending is that all these animals die and are eaten up by starving humans. Both Rowling And Romantic poets discuss in a sense how pollution is effecting people and where they have to live. We have seen How destruction of nature and natural things are both in the romantic Era where they begun and also mentioned and used in Harry Potter./p
p class="Body" style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Helvetica; border: none;"The romantic Era was a new and very controversial time of change for writing. It had movements to highlight nature, and the destruction of it. It also discusses why this is terrible for humans. This was sporn out of the industrial revolution. However, it is nothing new now and even used often. We see it as just being poetry or what many books are about, because the romantics have influenced a large number of books, television shows, movies, music, ETC… We can see this is the case with Harry Potter as well. We can now see as we keep reading, watching, listening, or perceiving fictional media and music the tremendous influence the romantics have had on modern day literature./p